First Semester

BPA 101: English-I

The purpose of this course is to help students to improve their English skills. Oral, listening and academic writings skills and conversational fluency are emphasized in everyday public communication. The instruction includes vocabulary, grammar, listening, pronunciation, writing and viewing exercises for practice.

  1. Poem
    • Piano
    • Great Scott! Gadzooks!
    • On the Eve of His Execution
    • Stopping by woods on a Snowy Evening
    • Where the Mind is Without Fear
  2. Short Stories
    • Uudhisthira’s Wisdom
    • The Brave Little Parrot
    • If Not Higher
    • The Library Card
    • Marriage is a Private Affair
    • Who was to Blame?
    • Third Thoughts
    • Mr. Know-All
    • The Telegram on the Table
    • The Great Answer
    • A Tale
  3. Essays
    • Why Go to University?
    • Curbing the One eyed Monster
    • How Sane Are We?
    • The Burden of Skepticism
    • Keeping Errors at Bay
    • We are Breaking the Silence about Death
    • The Savage Male
  4. Basics of English
    • Listening Skills
    • Speaking Skills
    • Reading skills
    • Structure Analysis
    • Remedial Grammar
    • Test and Revision
    • Development of Writing Skills
    • Report Writing
    • Reference Skill
  5. Academic Writing Skills
    • Introductory concepts of Academic Writing
    • Various Types of Academic Writing
    • Basics of Academic Writing and organizing arguments
  • Gerson, Sharon J. (2006). Teaching Writing: Process and Product. New Delhi: Pearson.
  • Nissani, Moti & Lohani Shreedhar (2013). Adventures in English Vol 1. Kathmandu: EKTA Books Pvt Ltd.
  • Nissani, Moti &Lohani, Shreedhar (2013). Adventures in English Vol 2. Kathmandu: EKTA Books Pvt. Ltd.
  • Q. M. Billah, G. S. Chowdhury & Monjurul Alam: Foundation English for Undergraduate
  • Thomoson & A. V. Martinet: A Practical English Grammar
  • W. Stannnard Allen: Living English Structure
  • R.A. Close: The English We Use
  • J.P.B. Allan and Widowson: English in Social Studies
  • Nissani, Moti & Lohani Shreedhar (1996). Adventures in English, Kathmandu, Ekta Books.
  • Gerson, Sharon J. & Gerson, Steven M. (1998). Technical Writing, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Hornby, A.S. (2000). Oxford Advance Learner’s Dictionary, Oxford: OUP.
  • Huddleston, Rodney & Pullum, Feoffrey K. (2002). The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, Cambridge University Press.
First Semester

BPA 102: Foundation of Public Administration

The basic purpose of this course is to provide a basic knowledge of public administration. The course aims to familiarize the students with the concept, theoretical approaches and recent issues of public administration.

  1. Introduction to Public Administration
    • Meaning of Public Administration
    • Nature and Scope of Public Administration
    • Significance of Public Administration
    • Public And Private Administration
    • Evolution of Public Administration as an Academic Discipline
  2. Approaches to the Study of Public Administration
    • Political Approach to Public Administration
    • Managerial Approach to Public Administration
    • Legal Approach to Public Administration
    • Interdisciplinary approach to Public Administration
  3. Administrative Theories
    • Classical Theories (Scientific Management theory; Bureaucratic Theory; and Management School theory)
    • Neo classical theories (Human Relations and Behavioral theory)
    • Decision-making theory
    • Ecological theory
    • System Theory
    • Contingency theory
    • Participatory theory
  4. Contemporary Development in Public Administration
    • New Public Administration
    • New Public Management
    • New Public Service
    • Governance
  5. Emerging Issues in Public Administration
    • Globalization
    • Impacts of globalization
  • Adhikari, Dhruba (2058). Sarbjnik Prashanko Siddhanta. Kathmandu: Pairabi Prakashan.
  • Arora, R.K./Goyal Rajni (2007). Indian Public Administration: Institution and Issues. New Delhi: Wishwa Prakashan.
  • Arora, Ramesh (1990). Comparative Public Administration: An Ecological Perspective. New Delhi: Associated Publishing House.
  • Basu Rumki (1992). Public Administration Concept and Theory. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited.
  • Bava, Norjahan (Ed) (2004). Public Administration in The 21 st Century. New Delhi: Kanishak Publishersand Distributors.
  • Berkley, George E. (1978). The Craft of Public Administration. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Inc.
  • Bhatta, Bhim Dev (2065). Srabjnik Prashan ko Adharbhut Siddhanta. America: Shree Asisdev Bhatta.
  • Caiden, Gerald (1971). The Dynamics of Public Administration: Guide Lines to Current Transformation in Theory and Practice. America, Dryden Press.
  • Chakrbarty Bidyut & Bhattacharya Mohit (Eds) (2003). Public Administration: A Reader. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Cox, Raymond, Buck, Susan J. & Morgan, Betty N. (1994). Public Administration in the Theory and Practice. Delhi Pearson Education Ltd.
  • Derbyshire, J.D. & Patterson, D.T. (1979). An Introduction To Public Administration. London: McGrawhill Book Copmpany.
  • Goel, S.L. (1994) Advanced Public Administration. New Delhi: sterling Publishers Private Limited.
  • Goel, S.L. (2008). Public Administration: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: Deep and Deep Publication Private Limited.
  • Hans Raj (1989). Principles of Public Administration. Delhi: Surejeet Publications.
  • Hays Steven, W Hays & Graham Cole Blease (Eds) (1993). Hand Book of Court Administration and Management. United States.
  • Heady, Ferrel (1984). Public Administration: A comparative Perspective. New York and Basel Marcel, Dekkerinc.
  • Henry, Nicholas (2008). Public Administration and Public Affairs. India: Dorlin Kindersley Pvt Ltd.
  • Hooja Arora, Ramesh Kumaar K. (Eds) (2007). Administrative theories: Approaches, Concepts and Thinkers in Public Administration. New Delhi: Rawat Publications.
  • Jabes, Jack (Ed) (2005). The Role of Public Administration in Alleviating Poverty and Improving Governance. Malaysia: The Asian Development Bank.
  • Jain, R.B. (2004). Public Administration in India: 21st century Challenges for Good Governance.
  • Joshi, Nand Lal (1973.) Evolution of Public Administration in Nepal. Kathmandu: CEDA.
  • Joshi, Nanadla (1983). Evaluation of Public Administration in Nepal: Lesions and Experience. Kathmandu; Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Kafle, Narayan Prashad (2062). Srabjanik Prashanka Bibidha Pakashyaharu. Kathmandu: Sharada Sharma Kafle.
  • Laxmikanth, M. (2003). Public Administration for the UPSC Civil Service Preliminary Examination. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Limited
  • Macrae, Stuart & Pitt, Douglas M. (1980). Public Administration. An Introduction. London: Pitman Publishing Ltd
  • Maheshwari, Avasthi (1997). Public Administration. Agra Lakshmi Narain Agrawal.
  • Maheshwari, S.R. (1994). Theory and Concepts in Public Administration. New Delhi: Allied Publishers Limited.
  • Marini, Frank (1972). Toward a New Public Administration. London: Chandler Publishing Company.
  • Naidu, S.P. (2014). Public Administration: Concepts and Theories. New Delhi: New Age International Private Limited.
  • Nigro, Felix A. & Nigro Lloudg (1980). Modern Public Administration. New York Harper and Row Publishers.
  • Palekar, S. A. (2003). Public Administration. New Delhi: Serials Publications.
  • Peters, B. Guy (2010). The Politics of Bureaucracy: An Introduction to Comparative Public Administration. London: Routledge.
  • Pokhrel, Krishna (2072). Rajya Janaprashan ra Srbajnik Mamila. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers & Distributors.
  • Poudyal Madhab (1986). Aspects of Public Administration in Nepal. Delhi: National Book Organization Publishers & Distributors.
  • Poudyal, Madhab P. (1984). Public Administration and Nation Building in Nepal. Delhi: NBO Publishers & Distributors.
  • Poudyal, Madhab P. (1989). Administrative Reform in Nepal. New Delhi: National Book Organization Publishers & Distributors.
  • Pradhan, Prachand (2033). Public Administration in Nepal. Kathmandu: CEDA
  • Prasad, Ravindra, Prasad V.S., P Satyanarayan & Y. Pradhasaradhi (Eds) (2010). Administrative Thinkers. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited.
  • Pruthi, Raj Kumar (2005). Public Administration. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House.
  • Rabin, Jack/Hildreth, W.B/Miller G. J. (Eds) (1997). Hand Book of Public Administration New York: Marcel Dekk Inc.
  • Rathod, P. B. (2004). Contemporary Public Administration. India. A.B. D. Publishers.
  • Riggs,F.W. (1975). The Ecology of Public Administration. New Delhi: The Indian Institute Public Administration.
  • Rosenbloom, David H. K. Ravchuk, Robert S. (2005). Public administration: Understanding Management, Policies and law in The Public sector.
  • S. Sangeeta (2007). Principles of Public Administration. New Delhi: Mangalam Publishers and Distributors.
  • Sharma, Urmila & Sharma, S.K. (2002). Public Administration. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors.
  • Sharma, M.P., Sadana, B.L. & Kur, Harprett (2013). Public Administration: In Theory and Practice, Allahabad, Kitbmal.
  • Shrestha, Tulishi Narayan (2007). Public Administration. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Shrestha, Tulsi Narayan (1981). Nepalese Administration an Image. Kathmandu: Saja Prakashan.
  • Singh, Vikram (2012). Public Administration: Dictionary. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Education Private Limited.
  • Tayagi, A.R. (1992). Public Administration. Delhi: Atmaram and Sons.
  • Twari, Madhunidhi (2060). Sarbjnik Prashanka Pakshya . Kathmandu: Shreemati Kanti Tiwari.
  • Viswanathan, V.N. (1996). Comparative Public Administration. New Delhi: Sterling Publ;ishers Private Limited.
  • White, Leonard D. (1989). Introduction to the Study of Public Administration. New Delhi: Eurasia Publishing House.
First Semester

BPA 103: Sociology

The main objective of this course is to impart students to basic concepts and theoretical understanding of sociology so that students will be able to understand the social issues and their impacts on governance.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of sociology
    • Evolution of sociology
    • Similarities and differences between sociology and anthropology
    • Relationship of sociology with history, political science, economics, social psychology, and biological sciences
    • Use of sociological knowledge in public administration
  2. Society, culture and social groups
    • Status and role
    • Norms and values
    • Social stratification: Class, caste, and ethnicity
    • Organizations: Formal and informal
    • Social interaction: Cooperation, conflict, coercion and social exchange
  3. Social institutions
    • Family, marriage, and religious institutions
    • Political institutions
    • Economic institutions
  4. Socialization
    • Necessity of nurture
    • Difference between humans and animals
    • Acculturation and assimilation
    • Process, stages and agents of socialization
  5. Social theories
    • Concept of theory and meta-theory
    • Theoretical perspective: Functionalism, conflict paradigm, and interactionism
    • Positivism, constructivism and modernism
    • World system theory, structuralism and feminism
  • Abraham M. F. (2006). Contemporary sociology: An introduction to concept and theories. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Adhikari, G. P. (2054 BS.). An introduction to sociology and anthropology (Text in Nepali). Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Anden, J. W. V. (1990). The social experience: An introduction to sociology (2nd ed) USA: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • Charon, J. M., Ed. (1999). The meaning of sociology: A reader (6th Ed.) New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  • Inkeles, A. (1982). What is sociology? An introduction to discipline and profession. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall
  • Ritzer, G. (1992). Sociological theory (5th Ed.). New Delhi: McGraw-Hill.
  • Shepard, J.M. (1984). Sociology (2nd Ed.). New York: West Publishing Company
First Semester

BPA 104: Microeconomics

The objective of this course is to prepare students able to understand, explain, and apply the concepts and tools of microeconomics in economic analysis. Thus, the course has been designed to equip the students with analytical tools of microeconomics.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of economics
    • Concept and Scope of Micro-economics
    • Importance and Uses of Microeconomics
  2. Theory of Consumer’s Behavior and Demand Analysis
    • Concept of consumer’s behavior
    • Concept and Types of Demand
    • Determinants of Demand and Demand Function
    • Concept of Elasticity: price, income and cross elasticity of Demand and its Measurement
    • Utility Analysis: Concept of cardinal and ordinal utility analysis
    • Marginal Rate of Substitution
    • Consumer’s Equilibrium Production: Production Function
    • Laws of variable proportion; Laws of returns to scale.
  3. Costs and Revenue Analysis
    • Concepts of Costs
    • Short Run Cost Curves
    • Long Run Cost Curves
    • Concept of Revenue
    • Revenue Curves under Perfect and Imperfect Competition
  4. Theories of Factor Pricing
    • Modern theory of rent
    • Marginal productivity theory of wages
    • Loanable fund theory and liquidity preference theory of interest
    • Dynamic and innovation theory of profit
  5. Market and Supply Analysis
    • Market analysis: Concept of perfect and imperfect competitive market
    • Supply analysis: Concept of Supply
    • Determinants of Supply
  • Dahal, M. Neupane, B. and Poudel, M. (2011). Micro Economics. Kathmandu: Asia Publications Pvt. Ltd. (in Nepali)
  • Dewett K. K. & Verma J. D (latest edition). Elementary Economic Theory. India: S. chanda & Company Ltd.
  • Dewett, K. K. (2005). Modern Economic Theory. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Ghingan, M. L. (2000). Advanced Economic Theory. New Delhi: Vrinda Publication (P) Ltd.
  • Gregory, N. (2008). Principle of Microeconomics. New Delhi: Cengage Learning India Private Limited.
  • Jhingan, M. C. (2009). Microeconomic Theory. New Delhi: Vrinda Publication (P) Ltd.
  • Paudyal, Kabita et. al. (2017), Microeconomics, Kathmandu: Sopan Publication.
  • Joshi, S. (2008). Microeconomics. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan.
  • Koutsoyiannis, A. (2011). Modern Microeconomics. London: Macmillon Press Ltd.
  • Mithani, D. M. (2010). Principle of Economics. New Delhi: Himalayan Publishing House India.
First Semester

BPA 105: Organization Theory

The objective of this course is to impart the knowledge of organization theory. It also gives the glimpse of the theoretical development of organization.

  1. Organization
    • Concept and Types of organization
    • Bases of organization
    • Organizational goals
  2. Management
    • Concept
    • Functions such as planning, organizing, coordinating, leadership, Controlling
  3. Structure of Organizations
    • Line and staff agency
    • Pyramid shape, Bell shape, Flat shape, Matrix structure
  4. Authority and Power
    • Traditional authority
    • Charismatic authority
    • Legal rational authority
  5. Theories of Organizations
    • Scientific management theory
    • Administrative theory
    • Bureaucratic theory
    • Human relation theory
    • Behavioral theory
    • System theory
    • Contingency theory
  • Allen, Louis A. (1958). Management Organization.New Delhi:McGrawhill Kogakusha LTD.
  • Chopra, R.K. (2013). Office Organization and Management. New Delhi: Himalaya Publishing House.
  • Donnely, James, Gibson, James L. 7 Ivancevich John M. (1992). Fundamentals of Management. America: Richard D Irwin Inic.
  • Jones, Gareth R. (2007). Organizational Theory, Design and Change. India:Dorling Kindersley Private Ltd.
  • Kast, Fremont E/ Rosenzweig, James E. (1985. Organization and Management:A System and Contingency Approach. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Kontz, Harold, O’Donnell, Cyril & Weihrich, Heinz (1980). Management, Tokyo: McGraw_hill Kogakusha Ltd.
  • Mookerjee, S.S. (1981). Organization and Management. Delhi:Surjeet Publications.
  • Pant, Prem Raj (2014). Principles of Management. Kathmandu: Buddha Academic Publishers and Distributors.
  • Quible, Zanee K. (2011). Administrative Office Management: An introduction. New Delhi: PHL Learning Pivate Limited.
  • Robbins, Stephen P. & Mathew, Mary (2013). Organization Theory. India: Dorling Kindersley.
Second Semester

BPA 201: English-II

This course aims to present the learners with the language and concepts found in books and newspapers and magazine articles on public administration/management and economics; to develop the comprehension of management texts; to develop the listening skills in the fields of public administration and management; provide the learners with opportunities to express management concepts, reformulating the learner’s own while summarizing, analyzing, criticizing and discussing ideas.

  1. Grammatical and structural review of English
    • Review of standards grammatical forms
    • Application of grammatical structure in a variety of business and public administration writings
  2. Reading comprehension
    • Development of reading comprehension proficiency
    • Reading comprehension in business and public administration topics
  3. Composition skills
    • Writing logical, coherent and persuasive prose related to management
  • Gerson, Sharon J. (2006). Teaching Writing: Process and Product. New Delhi: Pearson.
  • Nissani, Moti & Lohani Shreedhar (2013). Adventures in English Vol 1. Kathmandu: EKTA Books Pvt Ltd.
  • Nissani, Moti & Lohani, Shreedhar (2013). Adventures in English Vol 2 . Kathmandu: EKTA Books Pvt. Ltd.
Second Semester

BPA 202: Development Administration

The objective of this course is to impart basic knowledge of development management. In addition, this course aims to provide theoretical understanding of development and the role of development partner.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of Development
    • Development, growth, and modernization
    • Development administration – Concept and meaning
    • Difference between development administration and non-development administration
  2. Theoretical approaches
    • Comparative public administration
    • Bureaucracy
    • Prismatic Sala model
    • Decentralization
    • People’s participation
    • Sustainable development
    • Institutionalism
  3. Organization and Institution
    • Concept of organization and Institution
    • Institution-building model
    • Nation building
    • Barrier to Nation building
    • Nationalism
  4. Development partners
    • Role of government
    • Role of private sector
    • Role of third sector
    • Role of international organizations (the United Nations and its specialized agencies, the World Bank)
    • Roles of regional organizations (SAARC, EU, ASIAN)
  5. Issues of development
    • Cross cutting issues – efficiency and performance
    • Citizen Charter
    • Maladministration and Corruption
    • Administrative reform
    • Environment management
    • Human rights
    • Impacts of ICTs in society
    • Service delivery
  • Bhargav, Shivganesh (Ed) (2007). Developmental Aspects of Entrepreneurship. New Delhi:Response Books.
  • Bhatta , Bhim Dev (1979). Development Administration in Nepal. Kathmandu: Indira Bhatta
  • Bhatta , Bhim Dev (2005). Vikas Prashshan. Kathmandu: Indira Bhatta
  • Bhatta, Bhim Dev (1988). Development Management.Kathmandu:Abhasdev Bhatta.
  • Bongartz, Heing & Dahal, Dev Raj (1996). Development Studies: Self help Organization, NGOs and civil Society. Kathmandu: Nepal Foundation for Advanced Studies.
  • Carcknell, Bisil Edward (2002). Evaluating Development Aid: Issues Problems and Solutions. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Center for Empowerment Innovation and Development (2072). Development Management. Kathmandu: Pairabi Prakashan
  • Charles, K.J. (1983) Total Development: Essay Towards an integration of Marxian and Gandhian Perspectives. New Delhi: Vika Publishing House pvt ltd.
  • Chatterjee, S.K. (1990). Development Administration. Delhi: Surjeet Publications.
  • Dreze, Jean and Sen, Amrtya (Ed) (2005). Indian Development. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Gallagher, Kevin P. (Ed) (2005). Putting Development First. London: ZED Books.
  • Gasper, Des (2004). The Ethics of Development. New Delhi: Tejeshwar Singh for Vistaar Publications.
  • Jomo K. S. & Ben, Fine (Ed) (2006). The New Development Economics. New Delhi: Tulik Books.
  • Joseph, T.M. (2009). Decentralised Governance and Development. New Delhi: Deepand Deep Publications.
  • Kafle, Naryan Prashad (2061). Vikasha Prashaashan. Kathmandu: Sharada Sharma Kafle.
  • Kafle, Naryan Prashad (2063). Development Administration. Kathmandu: Phulchooki Publication and Distributions.
  • Kothari, Uma (Ed) (2005). A Radical History of Development Studies: Individuals, Institutions and Ideologies. South Africa: New Africa Books.
  • Mose, David (2005). Cultivating Development: An Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice . New Delhi: Vistara Publications.
  • Palekar, S. A. (2012). Development Administration. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Limited.
  • Pandey, Devendra Raj (2009). Nepal’s Failed Development. Kathmandu: Nepal South Asia Center.
  • Pandey, Yubraj(2072). Development Management. Kathmandu: Vidyrthi Pustak Bhandar. (Nepalai bhasko)
  • Paudel, Narendra Raj (2014). Development Management. Kathmandu: Srijana Pahari.
  • Peet, Richard (2005). Theories of Development.New Delhi: Rawat Publications.
  • Pieterse, Jan Nederveen (2001). Development Theory: Deconstructions/ Reconstructions. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications.
  • Pieterse, Jan Nederveen (2010). Development Theory. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Sapru, R.K (2003). Development Administration. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited.
  • Seligson,M.A. & Smith J.T. (Ed)s (2010). Development and Under Development: The Political Economy of Global Inequality. New Delhi: Viva Books.
  • Sen, Amartya (2006). Development as Freedom. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Singh, Anter (1981). Development Administration. Delhi: Shree Publishing House.
Second Semester

BPA 203: Macroeconomics

The purpose of this course is to impart the concept, knowledge of macroeconomics. After completion of this course, students will be able to know the components of macroeconomics as well.

  1. Introduction to Macroeconomics
    • Concept and Scope of macroeconomics
    • Importance and uses of macroeconomics
    • Issues of macroeconomics
  2. National Income Accounting
    • Concept of National Income
    • Measurement Approaches: Expenditure Method, Income Method, Product Method
    • Difficulties in Measurement of National Income
    • Importance and Use of National Income
  3. Components of Macroeconomics
    • Concept of consumption function (Average and Marginal Propensity to Consume, Psychological Law of Consumption, Determinants of Consumption Function)
    • Concept of saving (Paradox of Thrift, Determinants of saving)
    • Concept of investment (Marginal Efficiency of Capital, Determinants of Investment)
    • Concept of Multiplier (Leakages of Multiplier, Importance of Multiplier)
    • Concept of Employment (Classical Theory of Employment, Keynesian Theory of Employment)
  4. Theories of Inflation and Trade Cycle
    • Concept of Inflation and Deflation and Factors Influencing Inflation
    • Computation of Rate of Inflation
    • Effects and Control of Inflation
    • Concepts of Trade Cycle
    • Phases of Trade Cycle
    • Economic Stabilization Policy
  5. Monetary and Fiscal Policy
    • Concept of Monetary Policy
    • Objectives and Instruments of Monetary Policy
    • Demand and Supply of Money
    • Concept of Fiscal Policy
    • Objectives and Instruments of Fiscal Policy
    • Significance of Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries
  • Abel, Andrew B., Bernanke, Bens & Croushore D. (2014). Macro Economics.New Delhi: Dorling Kindersley Pvt Ltd.
  • Chriystal, Lipsey (2011). Economics.U.K. Oxford University Press.
  • Paudyal, Kabita et. al. (2016), Macroeconomics, Kathmandu: Sopan Publication.
  • Dahal, Madhav P., Kafle, Snehalata, Lamsal, Mani R., Khadka, Ramesh, Adhikari, Gyanendra, Pokhrel, Binod/Poudyal, Trilochan (2015). Microeconomics.Kathmandu: Buddha Publications.
  • Dahal, Madhav P., Kafle, Snehalata, Mani R. Lamsal, Khadka, Ramesh, Adhikari, Gyanendra, Pokhrel, Binod, Poudyal, Trilochan (2015). Macroeconomics. Kathmandu: Buddha Publications.
  • Dewett,K.K., Verma, J.D. (2010). Elementary Economic Theory. New Delhi: S. Chand and Company Ltd.
  • Jhingan, M.L. (2013). Macro-economic Theory. Delhi: Vrinda Publication (P.) Ltd.
  • Lekhi, R.K./Singh, Joginder (2014). The Economics Development and Planning. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Mankiw, N. Gregory (2014). Principles of Micro economics. India: Cengage learning.
  • Mier, Gerald M. (1984). Leading Issues in Economic Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Reejal, Pushkar Raj (1996). The Principles and Techniques of Development Planning. Kathmandu: Indira Reejal.
  • Ruffin, Roy J., Gergory Paul R. (1983). Principles of Macro economics. Dallas: Scott, Foresman and Company.
  • Shrestha, Rajendra Gopal, Adhikari, Gyan Mani (2010). Microeconomics: Text and Cases.Kathmandu: Asia Publications.
  • Shrestha, Rajendra Gopal, Adhikari, Gyan Mani (2014). Macroeconomics. Kathmandu: Sundevi Prenting Service.
Second Semester

BPA 204: Fundamentals of Psychology

The basic objective of this course is to enable the students to understand basic processes and structures underlying human behavior as a basis for managing people in an organizational setting.

  1. Introduction
    • Concepts of psychology
    • Major perspectives of psychology
    • Trends for New Millennium
    • Applications of psychology
  2. Psychological Research
    • Psychological Research
    • Perception
    • Social thought
  3. Motivation and Learning
    • Motivation and Emotion
    • Applications of emotion
    • Learning: concept, theories and applications
  4. Memory
    • Memory and Forgetting
    • Thinking and Problem solving
  5. Intelligence
    • Human intelligence
    • Emotional intelligence and its applications
    • Personality
  • Baron, B.A. (2003). Psychology.Sixth Edition, Printice-Hall of India.
  • Feldman, R.S. (2004). Understanding Psychology. Sixth edition.New Delhi, TATA McGraw-Hill.
  • Morgan, C.T., King, R.A. Weisz, J.R. & Schopler, J. (1993). Introduction to Psychology. New Delhi, TaTa McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
  • Lahey, B.B. (1998). Psychology: An introduction, New Delhi: TaTa McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd
  • Robbins, S.P. and Timothy, A. (2007). Organization Behaviour, Twelfth edition, Prentice Hall of India
Second Semester

BPA 205: Basic Mathematics

The objective of the basic mathematics is to provide students with basic mathematical skills required to understand social activities and to enhance quantitative analysis in social sciences and social studies.

  1. Set Theory, Real Number System and complex number
    • Concept and specification of sets
    • Types of sets and their relations
    • Laws of sets
    • Type of real numbers: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational numbers Irrational numbers and Real numbers
    • Properties: addition, multiplication, cancellation, distributive and order
    • Concept of complex number
  2. Functions, Limits and Continuity
    • Constant and variable
    • Concept of functions
    • Types of functions
    • Graphic representation of algebraic, logarithmic and exponential functions
    • Computation of functional values
    • Domain and range of a function
    • Concept and theories of limit
    • Limit of function at a particular point and at infinity
  3. Differentiation and Integration
    • Concept of derivatives (Principle of algebraic, logarithmic and exponential functions)
    • Methods of differentiation
    • Maxima and minima of a function of one variable
    • Concept of integration
    • Methods of integration (algebraic, logarithmic and exponential functions)
  4. Vectors, Matrix and Determinants
    • Concept of vector and algebra
    • Concept of matrix and algebra
    • Concept of determinants and algebra
  5. Probability
    • Concept of probability
    • Factorial notation
    • Permutation and combination
    • Basic type of Probability (classical approach, relative frequency approach and subjective approach)
    • Some fundamental rules of probability (additional rule, multiplication rules, conditional probability)
  • Taro Yamane, (2012). Mathematics for Economics. New Delhi, Prentice Hall of India,
  • Thomas & Finney (2012).Calculus and Analytic Geometry
  • Bajracharya B.C. (2069 B.S.). Basic Mathematics (2nd Ed.), Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers.
  • Parajuli, K.K. (2010). Basic Mathematics (5th Ed.). Kathmandu: Sukunda Pustak Bhawan.
  • Amatya, Sunil, et al. (2066 B.S.).Basic Mathematics, Kathmandu: Talaju Prakashan