Fourth Semester

BPA 401: Social Change and Nation Building

The course aims to impart the knowledge of social change and nation building. It also helps to better understanding of social change and nation building.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of Social change
    • Factors affecting social change
    • Process and theories of social change
  2. Social institutions and change
    • Family and social change
    • Marriage and social change
    • Education and social change
    • Religion and social change
    • Polity and social change
  3. Phenomena of social change
    • Social movement and social change
    • Collective behavior
    • Gender role
    • Urbanization
    • Information technology
  4. Concept and theories of Nation building
    • Concept of nation and state
    • Nation building and state-building, capacity building, national identity
    • Social harmony, social inclusion
    • Peace-building, post-conflict reconstruction
    • International politics of ethnicity and nationalism
  5. Nation building in Nepal
    • History, social inclusion and affirmative action, problem of nation building in Nepal
    • Gender discrimination, girls trafficking, caste-based untouchability, and exclusion of marginalized communities
    • Democratic governance and efforts of restructuring the state
  • Abraham M.F. (2006). Contemporary sociology: An introduction to concept and theories. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Adhikari, G.P. (2054 B.S.). An introduction to sociology and anthropology (Text in Nepali). Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Huberman, L. & Sweezy, P.M. (2010). Introduction to socialism: Including the ABC of socialism. New York: Aakar Books.
  • Maclver, R.M & Page, C.H. (2011). Society: An introductory analysis. India: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Maharjan, P.N. (Ed) (2013). Building peace and building democracy. Kathmandu: Center for Nepal and Asian Studies.
  • Poudyal, M. P. (1984). Public Administration and Nation Building in Nepal. Delhi: NBO Publishers’ Distributors
  • Shepard, J.M. (1984). Sociology (2nd Ed.). New York: West Publishing Company
  • Upreti, B.C. (Ed) (2011). State and democracy in Nepal. Delhi: Kalinga Publications.
  • Whelpton, J. (2012). A history of Nepal (2nded.). Delhi: Cambridge University Press.
Fourth Semester

BPA 402: Comparative Politics

The objective of this course is to provide the students with basic knowledge of different aspects of political system, political phenomena and politics of India, China and Nepal.

  1. Comparative politics
    • Meaning, nature and scope of politics
    • Challenges of State and State-building
  2. Comparative Political System
    • Structures and Functions
    • Political Socialization
    • Political culture
    • Functional aspects of a political system
    • Comparison of political system
  3. Interest Articulation
    • Interest articulation structures/ interest groups, channels & means of interest articulation
    • Interest aggregation and political parties
    • The capabilities of a political system
  4. Politics in Foreign Countries
    • Comparison of Politics between India and China
  5. Political Development and governance in Nepal
    • Phases of political and constitutional development since 1768 A.D.
    • Challenges and opportunities of democracy and governance
    • Political Parties and Pressure Groups- their nature and roles
    • State structure – central, sub-national and local
    • Local self-government, their roles and functions
    • NGOs and INGOs in Nepal
  • Almond, G.A & Powell, G.B., Storm, K & Dalton, R.J. (2001). Comparative Politics Today: A World View (7th Ed.). Delhi: Pearson Education Asia.
  • Almond, G.A. & Powell, G.B. (1972). Comparative politics: A developmental approach, New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.
  • Cheema, G. Shabbir (2005). Building Democratic Institutions: Governance Reforms in Developjing Countries. USA: Kumarian Press, Inc.
  • Gyanwali, Ram Prasad (2012). Know Nepal, Kathmandu: Bhundipuran Prakashan
  • Joshi, Bhuvan Lal and Leo E. Rose (1996). Democratic Innovation in Nepal, Burkeley: University of California Press.
  • Pokharel, Krishna (2068 B.S.). Major Parliamentary and Nonparliamentary Political Systems. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributors
  • Pokharel, Krishna (2069 B. S.) State, Public Administration and Public Affairs. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributors.
  • Ray, S.N. (1999). Modern Comparative Politics: Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India
  • Regmi, D. R. (1975). Modern Nepal (Vol. 1). Calcutta: K.L. Mukhopadhyay.
  • Shah, Rishikesh (1990). Modern Nepal: A Political History 1769-1955 (Vol I. 1) New Delhi: Manohar Publications.
  • Sharma, Devi Prasad (2047 B.S.). Adhunik Nepalko Itihas, Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Shrestha, Tulsi Narayan (1996). The Concepts of Local Government and Decentralization. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
Fourth Semester

BPA 403: Basics of Public Policy

The objective of this course is to introduce students the basic concept and principles of public policy that will enable them to understand policy making issues and it relevance in the contemporary society.

  1. Introduction to Public Policy
    • Context of public policy
    • Concepts of public policy and policy analysis
    • Nature of public policy
    • Types of public policy
    • Scope of public policy
    • Significance of studying public policy
  2. Theories of Policy Making
    • Pluralism
    • Elitism
    • Institutionalism
    • Functionalism
  3. The Policy Making Process
    • Components of the policy making process
    • Problems and Issues
    • Policy agenda
    • Actors & Institutions
    • Resources
    • Factors influencing policy making process
    • Concept of Policy cycle
  4. Policy Implementation
    • Elements of implementation
    • Implementers
    • Approaches to policy implementation
      • Top-down model
      • Bottom-up model
    • Conditions for effective implementation
  5. Policy Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Concept of policy monitoring and policy evaluation
    • Functions of evaluation
    • Evaluators
    • Criteria of policy evaluation
    • Problems of policy evaluation
  • Adhikari, Dhruba (2061). Public Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Pairabi Prakashan. (In Nepali)
  • Anderson, James E. (2010). Public Policy Making: An Introduction. UK: Wadsworth Cengage Learning
  • Cochran, Charless L & Malone, Eloise F. (2007). Public Policy: Perspectives and Choices. New Delhi: Viva Books Private Limited.
  • Devkota, Satish, Chandra (2060). Public Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Farohock, Fread M. (1979). Public Policy: Scope and Logic. New Jersey: Prentce –Hall INC Englewood cliffs.
  • Hill, Michael & Hupe, Peters (2006). Implementing Public Policy: Governance in Theory and Practice. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Howlett, Michael, M Ramesh (2003). Studying Public Policy: Policy Cycles and Policy Sub Systems. New York: Oxford University.
  • Joshi, Shyam (2062). Economic Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan.
  • King, Gary, Keohane, Robert O & Verba, Sidney (1994). Designing Social Inquiry. Research. New Jersey: Princeton University press.
  • Layder, Derek (2005). Sociological Practice: Linking Theory and Social Research. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Pandey, Yubraj (2069.) Public Policy Formulation, Implementation Monitoring Evaluation and Analysis of Public Policy. Kathmandu: Vidhyarthi Pustak Bhandar.
  • Paul, Devik (1995). Public Policy Formulation and Implementation in India. Delhi: Devika Publications.
  • Rana, Rajib Bikram (2014). Aspects of Public Policy. Kathmandu: Kantipur College of Public Management.
  • Reejal Pushkar Raj (2003). Fundamental of Public Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Pairabi Prakashan.
  • Sahni, Pradeep (1987). Public Policy: Conceptual Dimension. India: Kitab Mahal.
  • Sapru, R.K. (2014). Public Policy: Formulation, Implementation and Evaluation. New Delhi: Sterling Publishing Private Limited.
  • Sapru, R.K. (2011). Public Policy: Art and Craft of Policy Analysis. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Limited.
  • Saxena, Pradeep K. (Ed) (1993). Comparative Public Policy. Delhi: Rawat Publications
Fourth Semester

BPA 404: Nepalese Legal System

The objective of this course is to provide the concept of law, its philosophy and applications in general and particularly in the context of Nepal.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of law
    • Purpose of Law
    • Types of Law
    • Nature of Law
    • Importance of Law
  2. Sources of law
    • Legislation
    • Custom
    • Precedent
    • Convention
  3. Schools of law
    • Natural law theory
    • Analytical school
    • Sociological school
    • Realist school
    • Functions of law
    • Relation with other disciplines
  4. Judiciary in Nepal
    • District court
    • Appellate court
    • Supreme court
  5. Judiciary process in Nepal and case study
  • Lamsal, Narayan (2050). Principles of Law. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Pradhananga, Ranjitbhakta & Silwal, Kishor (2071). A General Outline of Jurisprudence. Kathmandu: Bhrikuuti Academic Publications.
Fourth Semester

BPA 405: Development Planning and Nepalese Economy

The course objective is to provide the better understanding of development planning theory and Nepalese Economy.

  1. Development Planning
    • Concept of Development and Growth
    • Concept of Development Planning
    • Types of Planning
    • Importance of development planning in developing countries
  2. Nepalese Economy and development plan
    • Structure and corporate of Nepalese Economy-Agriculture and non-agriculture
    • Sources of Resources – Natural, human, physical, financial, social capital resources
  3. Planning in Nepal
    • Overview and characteristics of National Planning in Nepal
    • Economic Policies, Program and Progress
    • National Plan Formulation Process
    • Role of Planning Institutions
  4. Human Development in Nepal
    • Concept of Human Development
    • Human Development Status of Nepal
    • Poverty and its status in Nepal
    • Causes and effect of poverty in Nepal
  5. Concept of Foreign Trade and Commerce
    • Trade policy
    • Growth and composition of foreign trade in Nepal and its issues and constraints
  • Gupta, D. B., Halan, Y.C. & Desi, P.B. (1982). Development Planning and Policy. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern Limited.
  • Jhirgan, M.H. (2007). The Economics of Development and Planning. New Delhi: Vrinda Publications.
  • Lekkhi, R.K & Singh, Johinder (2014). The Economics of Development and Planning. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Sharma, Neelam kumar (2062). Economics of Development and Planning. Kathmandu: Pairawi Prakashan.
  • Shrestha, B.P. (1974). An Introduction to Nepalese Economic. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.