Second Semester

BPA 201: English-II

This course aims to present the learners with the language and concepts found in books and newspapers and magazine articles on public administration/management and economics; to develop the comprehension of management texts; to develop the listening skills in the fields of public administration and management; provide the learners with opportunities to express management concepts, reformulating the learner’s own while summarizing, analyzing, criticizing and discussing ideas.

  1. Grammatical and structural review of English
    • Review of standards grammatical forms
    • Application of grammatical structure in a variety of business and public administration writings
  2. Reading comprehension
    • Development of reading comprehension proficiency
    • Reading comprehension in business and public administration topics
  3. Composition skills
    • Writing logical, coherent and persuasive prose related to management
  • Gerson, Sharon J. (2006). Teaching Writing: Process and Product. New Delhi: Pearson.
  • Nissani, Moti & Lohani Shreedhar (2013). Adventures in English Vol 1. Kathmandu: EKTA Books Pvt Ltd.
  • Nissani, Moti & Lohani, Shreedhar (2013). Adventures in English Vol 2 . Kathmandu: EKTA Books Pvt. Ltd.
Second Semester

BPA 202: Development Administration

The objective of this course is to impart basic knowledge of development management. In addition, this course aims to provide theoretical understanding of development and the role of development partner.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of Development
    • Development, growth, and modernization
    • Development administration – Concept and meaning
    • Difference between development administration and non-development administration
  2. Theoretical approaches
    • Comparative public administration
    • Bureaucracy
    • Prismatic Sala model
    • Decentralization
    • People’s participation
    • Sustainable development
    • Institutionalism
  3. Organization and Institution
    • Concept of organization and Institution
    • Institution-building model
    • Nation building
    • Barrier to Nation building
    • Nationalism
  4. Development partners
    • Role of government
    • Role of private sector
    • Role of third sector
    • Role of international organizations (the United Nations and its specialized agencies, the World Bank)
    • Roles of regional organizations (SAARC, EU, ASIAN)
  5. Issues of development
    • Cross cutting issues – efficiency and performance
    • Citizen Charter
    • Maladministration and Corruption
    • Administrative reform
    • Environment management
    • Human rights
    • Impacts of ICTs in society
    • Service delivery
  • Bhargav, Shivganesh (Ed) (2007). Developmental Aspects of Entrepreneurship. New Delhi:Response Books.
  • Bhatta , Bhim Dev (1979). Development Administration in Nepal. Kathmandu: Indira Bhatta
  • Bhatta , Bhim Dev (2005). Vikas Prashshan. Kathmandu: Indira Bhatta
  • Bhatta, Bhim Dev (1988). Development Management.Kathmandu:Abhasdev Bhatta.
  • Bongartz, Heing & Dahal, Dev Raj (1996). Development Studies: Self help Organization, NGOs and civil Society. Kathmandu: Nepal Foundation for Advanced Studies.
  • Carcknell, Bisil Edward (2002). Evaluating Development Aid: Issues Problems and Solutions. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Center for Empowerment Innovation and Development (2072). Development Management. Kathmandu: Pairabi Prakashan
  • Charles, K.J. (1983) Total Development: Essay Towards an integration of Marxian and Gandhian Perspectives. New Delhi: Vika Publishing House pvt ltd.
  • Chatterjee, S.K. (1990). Development Administration. Delhi: Surjeet Publications.
  • Dreze, Jean and Sen, Amrtya (Ed) (2005). Indian Development. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Gallagher, Kevin P. (Ed) (2005). Putting Development First. London: ZED Books.
  • Gasper, Des (2004). The Ethics of Development. New Delhi: Tejeshwar Singh for Vistaar Publications.
  • Jomo K. S. & Ben, Fine (Ed) (2006). The New Development Economics. New Delhi: Tulik Books.
  • Joseph, T.M. (2009). Decentralised Governance and Development. New Delhi: Deepand Deep Publications.
  • Kafle, Naryan Prashad (2061). Vikasha Prashaashan. Kathmandu: Sharada Sharma Kafle.
  • Kafle, Naryan Prashad (2063). Development Administration. Kathmandu: Phulchooki Publication and Distributions.
  • Kothari, Uma (Ed) (2005). A Radical History of Development Studies: Individuals, Institutions and Ideologies. South Africa: New Africa Books.
  • Mose, David (2005). Cultivating Development: An Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice . New Delhi: Vistara Publications.
  • Palekar, S. A. (2012). Development Administration. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Limited.
  • Pandey, Devendra Raj (2009). Nepal’s Failed Development. Kathmandu: Nepal South Asia Center.
  • Pandey, Yubraj(2072). Development Management. Kathmandu: Vidyrthi Pustak Bhandar. (Nepalai bhasko)
  • Paudel, Narendra Raj (2014). Development Management. Kathmandu: Srijana Pahari.
  • Peet, Richard (2005). Theories of Development.New Delhi: Rawat Publications.
  • Pieterse, Jan Nederveen (2001). Development Theory: Deconstructions/ Reconstructions. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications.
  • Pieterse, Jan Nederveen (2010). Development Theory. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Sapru, R.K (2003). Development Administration. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited.
  • Seligson,M.A. & Smith J.T. (Ed)s (2010). Development and Under Development: The Political Economy of Global Inequality. New Delhi: Viva Books.
  • Sen, Amartya (2006). Development as Freedom. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Singh, Anter (1981). Development Administration. Delhi: Shree Publishing House.
Second Semester

BPA 203: Macroeconomics

The purpose of this course is to impart the concept, knowledge of macroeconomics. After completion of this course, students will be able to know the components of macroeconomics as well.

  1. Introduction to Macroeconomics
    • Concept and Scope of macroeconomics
    • Importance and uses of macroeconomics
    • Issues of macroeconomics
  2. National Income Accounting
    • Concept of National Income
    • Measurement Approaches: Expenditure Method, Income Method, Product Method
    • Difficulties in Measurement of National Income
    • Importance and Use of National Income
  3. Components of Macroeconomics
    • Concept of consumption function (Average and Marginal Propensity to Consume, Psychological Law of Consumption, Determinants of Consumption Function)
    • Concept of saving (Paradox of Thrift, Determinants of saving)
    • Concept of investment (Marginal Efficiency of Capital, Determinants of Investment)
    • Concept of Multiplier (Leakages of Multiplier, Importance of Multiplier)
    • Concept of Employment (Classical Theory of Employment, Keynesian Theory of Employment)
  4. Theories of Inflation and Trade Cycle
    • Concept of Inflation and Deflation and Factors Influencing Inflation
    • Computation of Rate of Inflation
    • Effects and Control of Inflation
    • Concepts of Trade Cycle
    • Phases of Trade Cycle
    • Economic Stabilization Policy
  5. Monetary and Fiscal Policy
    • Concept of Monetary Policy
    • Objectives and Instruments of Monetary Policy
    • Demand and Supply of Money
    • Concept of Fiscal Policy
    • Objectives and Instruments of Fiscal Policy
    • Significance of Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries
  • Abel, Andrew B., Bernanke, Bens & Croushore D. (2014). Macro Economics.New Delhi: Dorling Kindersley Pvt Ltd.
  • Chriystal, Lipsey (2011). Economics.U.K. Oxford University Press.
  • Paudyal, Kabita et. al. (2016), Macroeconomics, Kathmandu: Sopan Publication.
  • Dahal, Madhav P., Kafle, Snehalata, Lamsal, Mani R., Khadka, Ramesh, Adhikari, Gyanendra, Pokhrel, Binod/Poudyal, Trilochan (2015). Microeconomics.Kathmandu: Buddha Publications.
  • Dahal, Madhav P., Kafle, Snehalata, Mani R. Lamsal, Khadka, Ramesh, Adhikari, Gyanendra, Pokhrel, Binod, Poudyal, Trilochan (2015). Macroeconomics. Kathmandu: Buddha Publications.
  • Dewett,K.K., Verma, J.D. (2010). Elementary Economic Theory. New Delhi: S. Chand and Company Ltd.
  • Jhingan, M.L. (2013). Macro-economic Theory. Delhi: Vrinda Publication (P.) Ltd.
  • Lekhi, R.K./Singh, Joginder (2014). The Economics Development and Planning. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Mankiw, N. Gregory (2014). Principles of Micro economics. India: Cengage learning.
  • Mier, Gerald M. (1984). Leading Issues in Economic Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Reejal, Pushkar Raj (1996). The Principles and Techniques of Development Planning. Kathmandu: Indira Reejal.
  • Ruffin, Roy J., Gergory Paul R. (1983). Principles of Macro economics. Dallas: Scott, Foresman and Company.
  • Shrestha, Rajendra Gopal, Adhikari, Gyan Mani (2010). Microeconomics: Text and Cases.Kathmandu: Asia Publications.
  • Shrestha, Rajendra Gopal, Adhikari, Gyan Mani (2014). Macroeconomics. Kathmandu: Sundevi Prenting Service.
Second Semester

BPA 204: Fundamentals of Psychology

The basic objective of this course is to enable the students to understand basic processes and structures underlying human behavior as a basis for managing people in an organizational setting.

  1. Introduction
    • Concepts of psychology
    • Major perspectives of psychology
    • Trends for New Millennium
    • Applications of psychology
  2. Psychological Research
    • Psychological Research
    • Perception
    • Social thought
  3. Motivation and Learning
    • Motivation and Emotion
    • Applications of emotion
    • Learning: concept, theories and applications
  4. Memory
    • Memory and Forgetting
    • Thinking and Problem solving
  5. Intelligence
    • Human intelligence
    • Emotional intelligence and its applications
    • Personality
  • Baron, B.A. (2003). Psychology.Sixth Edition, Printice-Hall of India.
  • Feldman, R.S. (2004). Understanding Psychology. Sixth edition.New Delhi, TATA McGraw-Hill.
  • Morgan, C.T., King, R.A. Weisz, J.R. & Schopler, J. (1993). Introduction to Psychology. New Delhi, TaTa McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
  • Lahey, B.B. (1998). Psychology: An introduction, New Delhi: TaTa McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd
  • Robbins, S.P. and Timothy, A. (2007). Organization Behaviour, Twelfth edition, Prentice Hall of India
Second Semester

BPA 205: Basic Mathematics

The objective of the basic mathematics is to provide students with basic mathematical skills required to understand social activities and to enhance quantitative analysis in social sciences and social studies.

  1. Set Theory, Real Number System and complex number
    • Concept and specification of sets
    • Types of sets and their relations
    • Laws of sets
    • Type of real numbers: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational numbers Irrational numbers and Real numbers
    • Properties: addition, multiplication, cancellation, distributive and order
    • Concept of complex number
  2. Functions, Limits and Continuity
    • Constant and variable
    • Concept of functions
    • Types of functions
    • Graphic representation of algebraic, logarithmic and exponential functions
    • Computation of functional values
    • Domain and range of a function
    • Concept and theories of limit
    • Limit of function at a particular point and at infinity
  3. Differentiation and Integration
    • Concept of derivatives (Principle of algebraic, logarithmic and exponential functions)
    • Methods of differentiation
    • Maxima and minima of a function of one variable
    • Concept of integration
    • Methods of integration (algebraic, logarithmic and exponential functions)
  4. Vectors, Matrix and Determinants
    • Concept of vector and algebra
    • Concept of matrix and algebra
    • Concept of determinants and algebra
  5. Probability
    • Concept of probability
    • Factorial notation
    • Permutation and combination
    • Basic type of Probability (classical approach, relative frequency approach and subjective approach)
    • Some fundamental rules of probability (additional rule, multiplication rules, conditional probability)
  • Taro Yamane, (2012). Mathematics for Economics. New Delhi, Prentice Hall of India,
  • Thomas & Finney (2012).Calculus and Analytic Geometry
  • Bajracharya B.C. (2069 B.S.). Basic Mathematics (2nd Ed.), Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers.
  • Parajuli, K.K. (2010). Basic Mathematics (5th Ed.). Kathmandu: Sukunda Pustak Bhawan.
  • Amatya, Sunil, et al. (2066 B.S.).Basic Mathematics, Kathmandu: Talaju Prakashan