Second Semester

BPA 203: Macroeconomics

The purpose of this course is to impart the concept, knowledge of macroeconomics. After completion of this course, students will be able to know the components of macroeconomics as well.

  1. Introduction to Macroeconomics
    • Concept and Scope of macroeconomics
    • Importance and uses of macroeconomics
    • Issues of macroeconomics
  2. National Income Accounting
    • Concept of National Income
    • Measurement Approaches: Expenditure Method, Income Method, Product Method
    • Difficulties in Measurement of National Income
    • Importance and Use of National Income
  3. Components of Macroeconomics
    • Concept of consumption function (Average and Marginal Propensity to Consume, Psychological Law of Consumption, Determinants of Consumption Function)
    • Concept of saving (Paradox of Thrift, Determinants of saving)
    • Concept of investment (Marginal Efficiency of Capital, Determinants of Investment)
    • Concept of Multiplier (Leakages of Multiplier, Importance of Multiplier)
    • Concept of Employment (Classical Theory of Employment, Keynesian Theory of Employment)
  4. Theories of Inflation and Trade Cycle
    • Concept of Inflation and Deflation and Factors Influencing Inflation
    • Computation of Rate of Inflation
    • Effects and Control of Inflation
    • Concepts of Trade Cycle
    • Phases of Trade Cycle
    • Economic Stabilization Policy
  5. Monetary and Fiscal Policy
    • Concept of Monetary Policy
    • Objectives and Instruments of Monetary Policy
    • Demand and Supply of Money
    • Concept of Fiscal Policy
    • Objectives and Instruments of Fiscal Policy
    • Significance of Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries
  • Abel, Andrew B., Bernanke, Bens & Croushore D. (2014). Macro Economics.New Delhi: Dorling Kindersley Pvt Ltd.
  • Chriystal, Lipsey (2011). Economics.U.K. Oxford University Press.
  • Paudyal, Kabita et. al. (2016), Macroeconomics, Kathmandu: Sopan Publication.
  • Dahal, Madhav P., Kafle, Snehalata, Lamsal, Mani R., Khadka, Ramesh, Adhikari, Gyanendra, Pokhrel, Binod/Poudyal, Trilochan (2015). Microeconomics.Kathmandu: Buddha Publications.
  • Dahal, Madhav P., Kafle, Snehalata, Mani R. Lamsal, Khadka, Ramesh, Adhikari, Gyanendra, Pokhrel, Binod, Poudyal, Trilochan (2015). Macroeconomics. Kathmandu: Buddha Publications.
  • Dewett,K.K., Verma, J.D. (2010). Elementary Economic Theory. New Delhi: S. Chand and Company Ltd.
  • Jhingan, M.L. (2013). Macro-economic Theory. Delhi: Vrinda Publication (P.) Ltd.
  • Lekhi, R.K./Singh, Joginder (2014). The Economics Development and Planning. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Mankiw, N. Gregory (2014). Principles of Micro economics. India: Cengage learning.
  • Mier, Gerald M. (1984). Leading Issues in Economic Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Reejal, Pushkar Raj (1996). The Principles and Techniques of Development Planning. Kathmandu: Indira Reejal.
  • Ruffin, Roy J., Gergory Paul R. (1983). Principles of Macro economics. Dallas: Scott, Foresman and Company.
  • Shrestha, Rajendra Gopal, Adhikari, Gyan Mani (2010). Microeconomics: Text and Cases.Kathmandu: Asia Publications.
  • Shrestha, Rajendra Gopal, Adhikari, Gyan Mani (2014). Macroeconomics. Kathmandu: Sundevi Prenting Service.
Fourth Semester

BPA 401: Social Change and Nation Building

The course aims to impart the knowledge of social change and nation building. It also helps to better understanding of social change and nation building.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of Social change
    • Factors affecting social change
    • Process and theories of social change
  2. Social institutions and change
    • Family and social change
    • Marriage and social change
    • Education and social change
    • Religion and social change
    • Polity and social change
  3. Phenomena of social change
    • Social movement and social change
    • Collective behavior
    • Gender role
    • Urbanization
    • Information technology
  4. Concept and theories of Nation building
    • Concept of nation and state
    • Nation building and state-building, capacity building, national identity
    • Social harmony, social inclusion
    • Peace-building, post-conflict reconstruction
    • International politics of ethnicity and nationalism
  5. Nation building in Nepal
    • History, social inclusion and affirmative action, problem of nation building in Nepal
    • Gender discrimination, girls trafficking, caste-based untouchability, and exclusion of marginalized communities
    • Democratic governance and efforts of restructuring the state
  • Abraham M.F. (2006). Contemporary sociology: An introduction to concept and theories. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Adhikari, G.P. (2054 B.S.). An introduction to sociology and anthropology (Text in Nepali). Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Huberman, L. & Sweezy, P.M. (2010). Introduction to socialism: Including the ABC of socialism. New York: Aakar Books.
  • Maclver, R.M & Page, C.H. (2011). Society: An introductory analysis. India: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Maharjan, P.N. (Ed) (2013). Building peace and building democracy. Kathmandu: Center for Nepal and Asian Studies.
  • Poudyal, M. P. (1984). Public Administration and Nation Building in Nepal. Delhi: NBO Publishers’ Distributors
  • Shepard, J.M. (1984). Sociology (2nd Ed.). New York: West Publishing Company
  • Upreti, B.C. (Ed) (2011). State and democracy in Nepal. Delhi: Kalinga Publications.
  • Whelpton, J. (2012). A history of Nepal (2nded.). Delhi: Cambridge University Press.
Fifth Semester

BPA 412: Administrative Law

The course intends to focus on the legal problems associated with regulation by administrative agencies. The course includes discussion of the legislative authority requisite to agency action.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept and sources of administrative Law
    • Principles of administrative law
    • Constitutional aspects of administrative law : Separation of Powers and The Rule of Law
  2. Institutions and Functions of Government
    • Types of institutions: Executive, Legislative and Judicial
    • Differences between Administrative, Legislative and Judicial Functions.
  3. Law Making
    • Concept of Legislation and Delegated Legislation
    • Delegated legislation and its control
  4. Grievance Handling
    • Concept of Ombudsman and Maladministration
    • Role and Functions of National Vigilance Center (NVC)
    • Role and Functions of Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) in Nepal
    • Administrative Tribunals
  5. Judicial Review and Writs
    • Concept and importance of judicial review,
    • Types and functions of writs: Certiorari, Mandamus, Quo-Warranto, Prohibition, Habeas corpus
  • Khanal, Shambhu Prasad (2066). Administrative Law. Kathmandu: Prashanti Prakashan.
  • Pandey Keshav Raj (2058). Administrative Law. Kathmandu: Niirmal Gurung (In Nepali).
  • Devkota, Khim Lal (2059). Administrative Law. Kathmandu: Pairawai Prakadhan (In Nepali).
  • Wade, H.W.R. & Forsyth, C.F. (1995). Administrative Law. NewYork: Claarendon Press Oxford
  • Wade, H.W.R. & Forsyth, C.F. (2005). Administrative Law. New Delhi: oxford University Press.
Fifth Semester

BPA 415: Revenue Governance

The objective of this course is to provide students with the overall fundamental knowledge of Revenue Administration.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of government revenue
    • Source and pattern of government revenue
  2. Tax and its principles
    • Meaning and objective of Taxation
    • Classification of Taxation
    • Principles of taxation: Cannons of taxation, Equity principles of taxation
    • Benefit received and ability to pay
  3. Taxation Policies and major structure of Taxation in Nepal
    • Taxation Policies
    • Provision of Nepalese Tax Policy: Customs, Value added tax, Income tax, capital gain tax, house rent tax and land tax
  4. Tax assessment and collection
    • Methods of income tax assessment
    • Tax collection: Tax deduction at source, Tax installments
    • Tax Recovery
  5. Tax Administration and law
    • Institutional arrangement for tax administration and their roles in Nepal
    • Right and duties of tax payer
    • Penalty against tax defaulters
    • Remedy against tax assessment
  • Adhikari H.P. (2007). Public Finance; Kathmandu: Renuka Kattel.
  • Adhikari, H.P. (2009). Nepalese Tax Administration; Kathmandu: Renuka Kattel
  • Ahusa H. L. (2000). Fundamentals of Economic Theory, Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Bernard P. Herber (2006). Modern Public Finance, Delhi: AITBS Publisher & Distributors.
  • Chopra P.N. (2003). Haero Economics, Delhi: Kalayari Publishers.
  • Due, John F. and Friedlander Ann F. (2002). Government Finance Economics of the
  • Hajela T.N. (2004). Public Finance, Delhi: Konark Publisher Pvt. Ltd.
  • Jhingan M. (2006). Public Finance and International Trade, Delhi: Virinda Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • Joshi Shyam (2000). Public Economics and Policy. Delhi: A.I.T.B.S. Publishers & Distributors.
  • Singh, S.K. (1991). Public Finance in Developed and Developing Countries (3rd Ed.) New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Nepalese Finance Act, Income Tax Act, Value Added Tax and Customs Directives
  • Nepalese Economic Survey and Budget Speeches
Sixth Semester

BPA 424: Environment Management and Climate Change

The objective of this course is to familiarize the student with environment management so that they can learn to strategies to save environmental degradation and climate change.


  1. Introduction: Environment and Development: concept, components, Importance of Environment. Sustainable Development: Evolution of Environmentalism, Emergence, concept and Features of Development.
  2. Environment and Ecology: Ecology: Concept, Types, and Components.
  3. International and Regional Initiatives for Environmental Management. Environment Impact Assessment and Climate Change: Environmental Impact Assessment: concept, need and importance and practices. Climate change and its adaptation: Its nature, impact, mitigation and adaptation.
  4. Institutional Arrangement in Nepal: government, NGOs, private sector, local government, and legal instrument.
  5. Environmental Management in Nepal: Environmental Initiatives in Nepal: Policies, plans and strategies of Government on Environment. Environmental Issues in Nepal: Environmental issues that are facing Nepal and their solutions.


  • Dessler, Andrew E. (2015). Introduction to Modern Climate Change.New Delhi: Cambridge University.
  • Krishnamoorthy, Bala (2008). Environmental Management Text and Cases. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India