Third Semester

BPA 303: Local Governance

The main objective of this course is to provide the students with theoretical understanding of local governance. In addition, it helps to provide the local planning, local resource mobilization and local human resource management.

  1. Introduction
    • Local governance, its meaning and concept
    • Level of governance
    • Federalism and Local Governance (LG)
    • Classification of Local Governance (LG)
  2. Local planning and resource mobilization
    • Decentralized planning
    • Community participation
    • Resource mobilization
  3. Human Resource Management
    • Concept of human resource development and management at local level
    • Emergence of human resource system
    • Approaches of local personnel system
    • Role and importance of human resource at local governance level
    • Issues and challenges of personnel system in Nepal
  4. Partnership
    • Public private partnership in local governance
    • Rural urban partnership in local governance
  • Baral, Lok Raj, Hachhethu, Krishna. Khanal, Krishna, Prasad, Kumar, Dhurba Kumar & Sharma, Hari (2004). Local Governance. Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
  • Dhungel, Dwarika N. (2002). Governance Situation in Nepal. Kathmandu: Institute for Integrated Development Studies.
  • Jain L.C (Ed) (2005). Decentralization and Local Government. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
  • Jhapa, Ganga (Ed) (1998). Local Self-Government in Nepal. Kathmandu: Political Science Association of Nepal.
  • Joyal, Niraga, Amit Prakash, Sharma Pradip Kumar (Eds) (2006). Local Governance in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Khanal Rabindra (n.d.).Local Governance in Nepal. Democracy at Gross Root. Lalitpur: Smriti Books.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Meehan, Eugeme J, Roche John P., Stedman, Murray S. (1966).The dynamics of Modern Government. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Inc.
  • Muttalib, M.A, Khan, Mohd Akbar Ali (1982). Theory of Local Government. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers private limited.
  • Opie, Roger (1972). Local Government. A Wheaton and Company Limited.
  • Ostrom, Vincent, Bish, Robert & Ostrom Elimor (1988). Local Government in the United States. NewYork: Kampmann and Company.
  • Patttanayak, Raimann (Ed) (1994). Local Government Administration Reform. New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • Pierre, Jon (Ed) (2000). Debating Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Richards, Peter G. (Ed) (1975). The Reformed Local government System. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd.
  • Sharma, Subash, Acharya, Basanta (2069). Sthaniya Swyatha Sashan Pranali Sidhanta ra Behawar. Kathmandu: Archana Gautam/ Jamuna Aryal.
  • Shrestha, Tulsi Narayan (1996). The Concept of Local Government and Decentralization. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
Seventh Semester

BPA 432: Recent Trends in Public Management

This course intends to know students about new issues in public affairs management at present.


  1. Reforms in Public Sector: Background of Public Sector activities, Failure of Traditional Public Sector, Principal Agent Theory, Public Choice Theory, Institutional Theory
  2. Public Sector: Management by Objective, Management by Result, Corruptions in Public Sector, Problems and challenge in Public Sector, Solution of Problems and challenge in the Public Sector
  3. Public Sector Management: Office Management, Complain Management, Public hearing, Mobile Service, Citizen Charter
  4. New Public Management: Concept, Characteristics, Need, Strength and weaknesses; Application of New Public Management
  5. Marketing of Public Sector: Liberalization, Globalization and Privatization, Public Privatization partnership, Effective Service Delivery, Total Quality management, Constraints of Marketing Public Services


  • Bangural, Y. and George A.L. (2007). Public Sector Reform in Developing Countries. Palgrave Macmilan.
  • Brendan, C.N. (2001). Public Sector Reform: An International Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan.

Local Governance Specialization

LG 474: Public Private Partnership

Course Objective

The objective of this course is to acquaint students with the recent trends of governance and development through the participation of stakeholders. At the end of the course the students will be familiar with the concept, principles and practices of public private partnership.


  1. Meaning and concept of partnership, objectives of partnership, its relevance in development, partnership and service delivery, Privatization and PPP
  2. Setting the framework: Policy rationale, legal and regulatory framework, investment framework and implementation framework
  3. PPP project life cycle: Project initiation and screening, business case, conducting feasibility, tendering and procurement, bidders selection, contract signature, PPP performance monitoring and contract compliance
  4. Models and types of public private participation- service contract, management contract, leasing, Concessions, Built Operate and Transfer Models (BOT),
  5. Policy objectives of public private partnership, working strategies for public private partnership for development PPP policy, issues and challenges- and risks therein, field visit and presentation of the field report.


Faraquharson, E., Matle, C.T., Yescornba, E.R. & Encinas (2011). How to Engage with the Private Sector in Public-Private Partnerships in Emerging Markets. Washington: World Bank.

Turina, N., & Puric, D.C. (2013). Overview and PPP Models

Savas, E.S. (2001). Privatization and Public-Private Partnership. East-West Publication