Fourth Semester

BPA 405: Development Planning and Nepalese Economy

The course objective is to provide the better understanding of development planning theory and Nepalese Economy.

  1. Development Planning
    • Concept of Development and Growth
    • Concept of Development Planning
    • Types of Planning
    • Importance of development planning in developing countries
  2. Nepalese Economy and development plan
    • Structure and corporate of Nepalese Economy-Agriculture and non-agriculture
    • Sources of Resources – Natural, human, physical, financial, social capital resources
  3. Planning in Nepal
    • Overview and characteristics of National Planning in Nepal
    • Economic Policies, Program and Progress
    • National Plan Formulation Process
    • Role of Planning Institutions
  4. Human Development in Nepal
    • Concept of Human Development
    • Human Development Status of Nepal
    • Poverty and its status in Nepal
    • Causes and effect of poverty in Nepal
  5. Concept of Foreign Trade and Commerce
    • Trade policy
    • Growth and composition of foreign trade in Nepal and its issues and constraints
  • Gupta, D. B., Halan, Y.C. & Desi, P.B. (1982). Development Planning and Policy. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern Limited.
  • Jhirgan, M.H. (2007). The Economics of Development and Planning. New Delhi: Vrinda Publications.
  • Lekkhi, R.K & Singh, Johinder (2014). The Economics of Development and Planning. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Sharma, Neelam kumar (2062). Economics of Development and Planning. Kathmandu: Pairawi Prakashan.
  • Shrestha, B.P. (1974). An Introduction to Nepalese Economic. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
Human Resource Management

HRM 463: Human Resource Development

The objective of this course is to aware of the students to the theories and practices of human resource development and its management so that after the completion of this course they can assume the role of human resource manager in the public as well as in private organizations.


  1. Introduction: Concept and Nature of human resource development; Human and social capital building and human development; indicators of human resource development, Function of HRM, difference between HRM & HRD.           
  2. Human Resource Planning: Human resource plan at Macro and Micro Level; Governing factors for human resource plan.
  3. Acquisition and utilization of Human Resources: Recruitment, training and development, Human resource inventory, Performance appraisal, socialization, Promotion, transfer and retirement.
  4. Compensation and Benefits: Salary and other benefits like health, education, transport, housing, insurance, safety, compensation policy
  5. Human resource Policies and Practices for Human Resource Development: Inclusiveness; positive discrimination and affirmative policies; issues and challenges.


Agrawal, Govind Ram (2013). Human Resource Development In Nepal. Kathmandu: M.K.Publishers and Distributors.

Ed. Pandey, Sriram Raj, Tropp, Shawjna, Sharma, Bikas & Khtiwada, Yub Raj (2006). Nepal Reading in Human Development. Kathmandu: United Nations Development Programme.

Jayaa Gopla, R. (1993). Human Resource Development: Conceptual Analysis and strategies. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited.

Rao, T.V. (2001). Reading in Human Resource Development. New Delhi: Oxford IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.

Local Governance Specialization

LG 472: NGO Governance

The objective of this course is to provide the students with an understanding of the concepts and practices of Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and their roles in development.


  1. Introduction: Concept of voluntarism, Concept of Civil Society Organizations/NGOs, NGOs and Social capital, Roles and Functions of NGOs
  2. Growth of NGOs in Nepal: A Brief Account of Traditional Welfare Services in Nepal, Growth of Modern NGOs in Nepal, Registration and affiliation process of NGOs in Nepal, Types of NGOs in Nepal. INGOs and their roles in Nepal
  3. NGOs in Development: Socioeconomic status of Nepal, Overview of development plans and their contributions.
  4. NGO Governance: Monitoring and evaluation of NGOs/INGOs, Accountability of NGOs.               
  5. Issues and Implications of NGOs in Development, Examining NGOs as Alternative Institutions, Current Issues and challenges of NGOs. Case Studies


Chand, Diwaker (1991). Development through Non-Government Organizations. Kathmandu: Institute for National Development Research and Social Service.

Chitrakar, Ami (1996). Working with NGOs. Nepal IUCN.

Dhakal, Tek Nath (2006). NGOs in Livelihood Improvement: Nepalese Experience. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.

Vartola, Juha, Ulvila, Marko, Hossain Farhad & Dhakal Tek Nath (Eds) (2000). Development NGO, Facing the 21st Century Perspectives from South Asia. New Delhi: Institute for Human Development.