Fifth Semester

BPA 411: Organizational Behavior

The objective of this course is to provide foundational knowledge and conceptual understanding of Organizational Behavior (OB) theories and to provide skills to put those ideas and theories into practice. Key techniques and processes designed to improve organizational efficiency and effectiveness are examined from the perspective of management, employees and society at large.

  1. Organization Behavior
    • Concept, Scope and Process of OB
    • Organization and the Individual
    • Historical development of OB
    • OB and Behavioral Sciences
  2. Basic Human processes
    • Concept of Learning
    • Learning Theories,
    • Social Perception and social identity
    • Basic nature of personality
    • Understanding of emotions and Stress
  3. Individual in Organizations
    • Concept and Significance of job satisfaction
    • Basic Concept, importance and process of motivation
    • Motivation theories
  4. Group Dynamics
    • Concept and types of Group, Group dynamics
    • Teams and their effectiveness
    • Basic nature of Communication
    • Barriers of communication
    • The nature and functions of leadership
  5. The Organizational Processes
    • The Basic nature of Organizational Culture
    • The concept of Organization Change
    • Meaning and Significance of Organization Development
  • Adhikari, Dev Raj (2014). Organizational Behavior. Kathmandu: Buddha Academic Publishers and Distributors.
  • Agrawal, Govind Ram (2015). Organizational Behavior in Nepal. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributors.
  • Brown, Warren B & Moberg, Dennis. J. (1980). Organizational theory and Management: A Margo Approach. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
  • K.C, Phatta Bahadur (2060). Sanhathnatmak Bybahar. Kathmandu: Nabin Prakashan.
  • Kelly, Joe (1987). Organizational Behavior: Its Data, First Principles and Application. Delhi: Surjeet publications.
  • Luthans Fred (1992). Organaizational Behaviour. New York: McGraw_Hill Inc
  • Luthans,Fred (1998). Organizational Behavioural. Boston: Irwin McGraw-Hill
  • Mathema, Sushil Bhakta & Bhattarai, Manoj (2071). Santhnatmak Bybahar. Kathmandu: Dhaulagiri Booka and Stationary.
  • Moorhed Gregory & Griffin, Rocky (1999). Organizational Behavior. Delhi: AITBS Publishers and Distributors.
  • Newstrom, John W. /Davis, Keith (2003). Organizational Behavior: Human Behavior at Work. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.
  • Pradip Kumar (1996). Organizational Theory and Behavior. India: Kedarnth Ram Nath and Company.
  • Pugh, D.S. (1971). Organization Theory. England: Penguin Books.
  • Raw, V.S. & Narayan, P.S. (1995). Organization Theory and Behavior. Delhi: Konark Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  • Robbins Stephen. P. & Sanghi, Seema (2007). Organizational Behavior. Delhi: Dorling Kindersley.
  • Singh, Hridaya Bahadur (2072). Sangthnatmak Bybhar tatha Manab Sansadhan Bybasthapan. Kathmandu: Asmita Books Publishers and Distributer.
Fifth Semester

BPA 412: Administrative Law

The course intends to focus on the legal problems associated with regulation by administrative agencies. The course includes discussion of the legislative authority requisite to agency action.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept and sources of administrative Law
    • Principles of administrative law
    • Constitutional aspects of administrative law : Separation of Powers and The Rule of Law
  2. Institutions and Functions of Government
    • Types of institutions: Executive, Legislative and Judicial
    • Differences between Administrative, Legislative and Judicial Functions.
  3. Law Making
    • Concept of Legislation and Delegated Legislation
    • Delegated legislation and its control
  4. Grievance Handling
    • Concept of Ombudsman and Maladministration
    • Role and Functions of National Vigilance Center (NVC)
    • Role and Functions of Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) in Nepal
    • Administrative Tribunals
  5. Judicial Review and Writs
    • Concept and importance of judicial review,
    • Types and functions of writs: Certiorari, Mandamus, Quo-Warranto, Prohibition, Habeas corpus
  • Khanal, Shambhu Prasad (2066). Administrative Law. Kathmandu: Prashanti Prakashan.
  • Pandey Keshav Raj (2058). Administrative Law. Kathmandu: Niirmal Gurung (In Nepali).
  • Devkota, Khim Lal (2059). Administrative Law. Kathmandu: Pairawai Prakadhan (In Nepali).
  • Wade, H.W.R. & Forsyth, C.F. (1995). Administrative Law. NewYork: Claarendon Press Oxford
  • Wade, H.W.R. & Forsyth, C.F. (2005). Administrative Law. New Delhi: oxford University Press.
Fifth Semester

BPA 413: Office Management

The objective of this course is to provide concepts and practices of office management to the students. After the completion of this course, the students will have understanding on organizations and the office layout management, procedures and methods of the office system, personnel system, record management and the application of scientific methods and IT in organization.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept and importance of Office Management
    • Organization and employees
    • Organizational charts
    • Functions of office manager
    • Office accommodation
    • Physical conditions: Office furniture and lay-out
  2. Public relations
    • Concept and importance
    • Tools of public relations: Press release, press conference, interaction and discussion
    • Role and duties of spokespersons
    • Right to information with reference RTI Act
  3. Office System
    • Office procedures,
    • Operation & Maintenance (O & M)
    • Work charts, Minutes, Work measure, production and control, Office machines,
    • Application of IT
  4. Record Management
    • Records administration
    • Indexing
    • Filling system and its equipment
    • Hard copy and soft records
  5. General Services
    • Communication system
    • Online operation
    • Outward mail and postal services
    • Correspondence
    • Office stationery
    • Prevention of fraud
    • Report writing
  • Arora, S.P. (1980). Office Organization and Management. New Delhi: Vikash Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
  • Chopra, R.K & Gauri, Priyanka (2015). Office Management. Mumbai: Meena Pandey for Himalaya Publishing House.
Fifth Semester

BPA 414: Fundamentals of Computer

The objective of this course is to provide students with basic overview of the computers and get them used to analyze and interpret general problems through computer application. Students learn to use basic CLI in Linux, word processing, spreadsheet, & presentation and write simple programs and scripts. Students will be able to solve general problems with the application of computer after taking this course.

  1. Introduction to Computer
    • Introduction and History of computing – Need for calculating device, Encryption, Modeling, simulation, research; brief history, types
    • Building Blocks, hardware and software components
    • Data Representation and logic – Analog, Digital; Binary, Decimal, Conversion, Binary operations; Bits, Bytes, Character data representation – ASCII, Unicode, Graphic data representation – Raster, Vector, pixel; Logic gates
  2. Operating System and User Interface
    • Concept of OS, Function, Distributed OS, Cloud Computing, Network OS, Virtual machines
    • Operating systems and Linux
    • Concepts of File systems; Filenames and Extensions; File Attributes
    • User Interface – GUI, CLI
    • Office packages: Brief introduction to Word processor, Spreadsheet, Presentation
    • Data analysis: Very brief introduction to SPSS, R, Python
    • Database: Very brief introduction to flat File system, RDBMS, NOSQL
    • Graphics: Very brief introduction to gimp, Photoshop, MS picture manager, MS Paint
  3. Introduction to Programming in Python
    • Programming concepts, languages; Assembler, Interpreter and compiler
    • Motivation and example of different programming language like Python, JavaScript, C, Java, HTML, R
    • Program design, Program Specification, Algorithm, flowchart
    • Variables and constants, expressions, decision making
    • Looping – indefinite and definite loop, break, continue; Functions – define, call, return
  4. Python Data structures
    • String, List
    • Dictionaries
    • File handling
  5. Introduction to Network, Internet and advanced topics
    • Computer network – Introduction, use, Type, LAN, WAN, Internet, Intranet
    • Malicious software and control, Firewall, Antivirus, Encryption, Decryption, Digital Signature
    • Cyber laws: Computer Crime, information privacy and security
    • Concepts of social network, graph representation, advantages, threats, SNA, Blogging
    • Internet, Search Engines, database, metadata, GIS, GPS etc
    • Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Applications in Public Administration, research
    • Automation technologies: Mechanical, RFID, OCR, Barcode, Machine Readable Passport
Lab practice
  • Linux user interface – ls, cd, mkdir, pwd, cp, mv, cal, date, who, man, passwd, cat, head, tail, cmp, wild cards, vi, ping, ifconfig
  • Word processing, spreadsheet, Presentation
  • Python – Writing simple code to do simple operations
  • Introduction to data analysis software
  • Blogging – Creating blog about any topic
Project work

Project work to be submitted on any topic with application of computer. Any problem can be chosen and computer concept must be applied to solve the topic. Project should be started from the beginning and submitted at the end of the course. Project can be about: Construction of simple website of all the topics of any subject of BPA, Simple data analysis, Construction of a blog, etc. Students have to submit report about their project.

  • Charles Severance (2014). Python for Informatics – exploring information.
  • Dhakal, Prabin Babu (2016). Fundamentals of Computer, Buddha Academic Enterprises, Kathmandu
  • Jain R. K. Conventional and Objective Type on Computer, Khanna Publisher Delhi.
  • Kalicharan Noel: An Introduction to Computer Studies, Cambridge University Press; London.
  • Peter Norton’s Introduction Computer, McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.
  • Rajaraman V.: Fundamentals of Computers, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi.
  • Tutorials point Python tutorial
Fifth Semester

BPA 415: Revenue Governance

The objective of this course is to provide students with the overall fundamental knowledge of Revenue Administration.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of government revenue
    • Source and pattern of government revenue
  2. Tax and its principles
    • Meaning and objective of Taxation
    • Classification of Taxation
    • Principles of taxation: Cannons of taxation, Equity principles of taxation
    • Benefit received and ability to pay
  3. Taxation Policies and major structure of Taxation in Nepal
    • Taxation Policies
    • Provision of Nepalese Tax Policy: Customs, Value added tax, Income tax, capital gain tax, house rent tax and land tax
  4. Tax assessment and collection
    • Methods of income tax assessment
    • Tax collection: Tax deduction at source, Tax installments
    • Tax Recovery
  5. Tax Administration and law
    • Institutional arrangement for tax administration and their roles in Nepal
    • Right and duties of tax payer
    • Penalty against tax defaulters
    • Remedy against tax assessment
  • Adhikari H.P. (2007). Public Finance; Kathmandu: Renuka Kattel.
  • Adhikari, H.P. (2009). Nepalese Tax Administration; Kathmandu: Renuka Kattel
  • Ahusa H. L. (2000). Fundamentals of Economic Theory, Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Bernard P. Herber (2006). Modern Public Finance, Delhi: AITBS Publisher & Distributors.
  • Chopra P.N. (2003). Haero Economics, Delhi: Kalayari Publishers.
  • Due, John F. and Friedlander Ann F. (2002). Government Finance Economics of the
  • Hajela T.N. (2004). Public Finance, Delhi: Konark Publisher Pvt. Ltd.
  • Jhingan M. (2006). Public Finance and International Trade, Delhi: Virinda Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • Joshi Shyam (2000). Public Economics and Policy. Delhi: A.I.T.B.S. Publishers & Distributors.
  • Singh, S.K. (1991). Public Finance in Developed and Developing Countries (3rd Ed.) New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Nepalese Finance Act, Income Tax Act, Value Added Tax and Customs Directives
  • Nepalese Economic Survey and Budget Speeches