First Semester

BPA 103: Sociology

The main objective of this course is to impart students to basic concepts and theoretical understanding of sociology so that students will be able to understand the social issues and their impacts on governance.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of sociology
    • Evolution of sociology
    • Similarities and differences between sociology and anthropology
    • Relationship of sociology with history, political science, economics, social psychology, and biological sciences
    • Use of sociological knowledge in public administration
  2. Society, culture and social groups
    • Status and role
    • Norms and values
    • Social stratification: Class, caste, and ethnicity
    • Organizations: Formal and informal
    • Social interaction: Cooperation, conflict, coercion and social exchange
  3. Social institutions
    • Family, marriage, and religious institutions
    • Political institutions
    • Economic institutions
  4. Socialization
    • Necessity of nurture
    • Difference between humans and animals
    • Acculturation and assimilation
    • Process, stages and agents of socialization
  5. Social theories
    • Concept of theory and meta-theory
    • Theoretical perspective: Functionalism, conflict paradigm, and interactionism
    • Positivism, constructivism and modernism
    • World system theory, structuralism and feminism
  • Abraham M. F. (2006). Contemporary sociology: An introduction to concept and theories. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Adhikari, G. P. (2054 BS.). An introduction to sociology and anthropology (Text in Nepali). Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Anden, J. W. V. (1990). The social experience: An introduction to sociology (2nd ed) USA: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • Charon, J. M., Ed. (1999). The meaning of sociology: A reader (6th Ed.) New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  • Inkeles, A. (1982). What is sociology? An introduction to discipline and profession. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall
  • Ritzer, G. (1992). Sociological theory (5th Ed.). New Delhi: McGraw-Hill.
  • Shepard, J.M. (1984). Sociology (2nd Ed.). New York: West Publishing Company
First Semester

BPA 104: Microeconomics

The objective of this course is to prepare students able to understand, explain, and apply the concepts and tools of microeconomics in economic analysis. Thus, the course has been designed to equip the students with analytical tools of microeconomics.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of economics
    • Concept and Scope of Micro-economics
    • Importance and Uses of Microeconomics
  2. Theory of Consumer’s Behavior and Demand Analysis
    • Concept of consumer’s behavior
    • Concept and Types of Demand
    • Determinants of Demand and Demand Function
    • Concept of Elasticity: price, income and cross elasticity of Demand and its Measurement
    • Utility Analysis: Concept of cardinal and ordinal utility analysis
    • Marginal Rate of Substitution
    • Consumer’s Equilibrium Production: Production Function
    • Laws of variable proportion; Laws of returns to scale.
  3. Costs and Revenue Analysis
    • Concepts of Costs
    • Short Run Cost Curves
    • Long Run Cost Curves
    • Concept of Revenue
    • Revenue Curves under Perfect and Imperfect Competition
  4. Theories of Factor Pricing
    • Modern theory of rent
    • Marginal productivity theory of wages
    • Loanable fund theory and liquidity preference theory of interest
    • Dynamic and innovation theory of profit
  5. Market and Supply Analysis
    • Market analysis: Concept of perfect and imperfect competitive market
    • Supply analysis: Concept of Supply
    • Determinants of Supply
  • Dahal, M. Neupane, B. and Poudel, M. (2011). Micro Economics. Kathmandu: Asia Publications Pvt. Ltd. (in Nepali)
  • Dewett K. K. & Verma J. D (latest edition). Elementary Economic Theory. India: S. chanda & Company Ltd.
  • Dewett, K. K. (2005). Modern Economic Theory. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Ghingan, M. L. (2000). Advanced Economic Theory. New Delhi: Vrinda Publication (P) Ltd.
  • Gregory, N. (2008). Principle of Microeconomics. New Delhi: Cengage Learning India Private Limited.
  • Jhingan, M. C. (2009). Microeconomic Theory. New Delhi: Vrinda Publication (P) Ltd.
  • Paudyal, Kabita et. al. (2017), Microeconomics, Kathmandu: Sopan Publication.
  • Joshi, S. (2008). Microeconomics. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan.
  • Koutsoyiannis, A. (2011). Modern Microeconomics. London: Macmillon Press Ltd.
  • Mithani, D. M. (2010). Principle of Economics. New Delhi: Himalayan Publishing House India.
Third Semester

BPA 301: Public Finance

The objective of this course is to provide foundations for general understanding about public finance.

  1. Public finance and Theory
    • Concept and scope of public finance
    • Theory of public goods: Public goods/Private goods, Public sector /Private sector
    • Social wants and merit wants
    • Externalities
    • Public Goods and allocation of resources
    • Recent issues in public finance
  2. Government Revenue
    • Concept and sources of government revenues
    • Principle of taxation- Canons of taxation & Equity principles
    • Types of Taxation, Taxation & economic development
  3. Public Expenditure
    • Concept of public expenditure
    • Objectives of public expenditure
    • Principle of maximum social advantage
  4. Public debt
    • Concept and sources of public debt
    • Need for public debt
    • Burden of public debt
    • Management of public debt
  5. Fiscal policy & Budget
    • Concept of fiscal policy and its importance
    • Concept of government budget
    • Budget cycle
    • Concepts of balanced vs deficit budget
  • Bhatia, H.L. (2010). Public Finance. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
  • Singh,S.K. (2010). Public Finance: In the Theory and Practice.New Delhi: S.Chand and company Pvt. Ltd.
  • Sundharam, KPM, Andley, K. K. (1998). Public Finance: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: S. Chand and company, Limited
  • Hockley, Grahamd (1979). Public Finance. London: Routledge and Kegan paul Ltd.
  • Taylor, Philip (1961). The Economics of Public Finance. Calcutta: Oxford and IBH Publishing Company.
  • David, Bruce F. & Duncombe, Bruce F. (1972). Public Finance. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston Inc.
  • Tyagi, B.P. (2004). Public Finance. Meerut: Jai Prakash Nath & Co.
  • Mehta, J.K. (1975). Public Finance. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.
  • Adhikari, Hari Prasad (2007). Public Finance. Kathmandu: Renuka Kattel.
  • Lekhi, R.K. & Singh, Joginder (2014). The Economics of Development and Planning.New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Lekhi, R.K. (1995). Public Finance. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Singh, S.K. (2001). Public Finance. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Limited.
  • Sundharam, K.P.M. & Andley, K.K. (2003). Public Finance: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: S Chand & Company Limited.
  • Kandel, Puspa Raj (2061). Nepalko Sarbjanik Bitta Vybasthapanka Khi Pakshyharu. Kathmandu:Buddha Publishers
  • Bista, Balgobinda (2061). Public Finance Theory and Practice. Kathmandu: Pairbi prakashan.
  • Joshi Shyam (2060). Public Economics. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan
Fourth Semester

BPA 405: Development Planning and Nepalese Economy

The course objective is to provide the better understanding of development planning theory and Nepalese Economy.

  1. Development Planning
    • Concept of Development and Growth
    • Concept of Development Planning
    • Types of Planning
    • Importance of development planning in developing countries
  2. Nepalese Economy and development plan
    • Structure and corporate of Nepalese Economy-Agriculture and non-agriculture
    • Sources of Resources – Natural, human, physical, financial, social capital resources
  3. Planning in Nepal
    • Overview and characteristics of National Planning in Nepal
    • Economic Policies, Program and Progress
    • National Plan Formulation Process
    • Role of Planning Institutions
  4. Human Development in Nepal
    • Concept of Human Development
    • Human Development Status of Nepal
    • Poverty and its status in Nepal
    • Causes and effect of poverty in Nepal
  5. Concept of Foreign Trade and Commerce
    • Trade policy
    • Growth and composition of foreign trade in Nepal and its issues and constraints
  • Gupta, D. B., Halan, Y.C. & Desi, P.B. (1982). Development Planning and Policy. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern Limited.
  • Jhirgan, M.H. (2007). The Economics of Development and Planning. New Delhi: Vrinda Publications.
  • Lekkhi, R.K & Singh, Johinder (2014). The Economics of Development and Planning. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Sharma, Neelam kumar (2062). Economics of Development and Planning. Kathmandu: Pairawi Prakashan.
  • Shrestha, B.P. (1974). An Introduction to Nepalese Economic. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.