Third Semester

BPA 303: Local Governance

The main objective of this course is to provide the students with theoretical understanding of local governance. In addition, it helps to provide the local planning, local resource mobilization and local human resource management.

  1. Introduction
    • Local governance, its meaning and concept
    • Level of governance
    • Federalism and Local Governance (LG)
    • Classification of Local Governance (LG)
  2. Local planning and resource mobilization
    • Decentralized planning
    • Community participation
    • Resource mobilization
  3. Human Resource Management
    • Concept of human resource development and management at local level
    • Emergence of human resource system
    • Approaches of local personnel system
    • Role and importance of human resource at local governance level
    • Issues and challenges of personnel system in Nepal
  4. Partnership
    • Public private partnership in local governance
    • Rural urban partnership in local governance
  • Baral, Lok Raj, Hachhethu, Krishna. Khanal, Krishna, Prasad, Kumar, Dhurba Kumar & Sharma, Hari (2004). Local Governance. Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
  • Dhungel, Dwarika N. (2002). Governance Situation in Nepal. Kathmandu: Institute for Integrated Development Studies.
  • Jain L.C (Ed) (2005). Decentralization and Local Government. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
  • Jhapa, Ganga (Ed) (1998). Local Self-Government in Nepal. Kathmandu: Political Science Association of Nepal.
  • Joyal, Niraga, Amit Prakash, Sharma Pradip Kumar (Eds) (2006). Local Governance in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Khanal Rabindra (n.d.).Local Governance in Nepal. Democracy at Gross Root. Lalitpur: Smriti Books.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Meehan, Eugeme J, Roche John P., Stedman, Murray S. (1966).The dynamics of Modern Government. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Inc.
  • Muttalib, M.A, Khan, Mohd Akbar Ali (1982). Theory of Local Government. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers private limited.
  • Opie, Roger (1972). Local Government. A Wheaton and Company Limited.
  • Ostrom, Vincent, Bish, Robert & Ostrom Elimor (1988). Local Government in the United States. NewYork: Kampmann and Company.
  • Patttanayak, Raimann (Ed) (1994). Local Government Administration Reform. New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • Pierre, Jon (Ed) (2000). Debating Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Richards, Peter G. (Ed) (1975). The Reformed Local government System. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd.
  • Sharma, Subash, Acharya, Basanta (2069). Sthaniya Swyatha Sashan Pranali Sidhanta ra Behawar. Kathmandu: Archana Gautam/ Jamuna Aryal.
  • Shrestha, Tulsi Narayan (1996). The Concept of Local Government and Decentralization. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
Development Management Seventh Semester

DM 453: Tourism Management

This course aims to impart to the knowledge of tourism management in Nepal. After completion of this course, students will be able to understand the dynamics of tourism industry.


  1. Introduction: Concepts, features/characteristics and Significance, Evolution of Tourism at National Level and Global Level, Types and forms of tourism, Factors affecting tourism
  2. Tourism Organizations and Role of different stakeholders: Role and function of international organization and national organizations related to tourism industry
  3. Tourism Resources and tourism Products in Nepal: Natural Resources, Cultural Resources, Tourism Products, Major tourist destinations
  4. Policy, Plan and Regulation regarding tourism in Nepal: Tourism policy in Nepal and related rule and regulation, Tourism Act,National Aviation Policy, Nepal Tourism Board Act, Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal Act, Different National regulations relating to Tourism, Policies and priorities regarding tourism under different National (Periodic) plans, Human resource and training
  5. Impacts of tourism in Nepal: Economic (income and employment generation), socio-cultural and environment, Challenges of tourism/issues, Case study


Satyal, Yajna Raj (2000). Tourism Science in Nepal. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.

Human Resource Management

HRM 463: Human Resource Development

The objective of this course is to aware of the students to the theories and practices of human resource development and its management so that after the completion of this course they can assume the role of human resource manager in the public as well as in private organizations.


  1. Introduction: Concept and Nature of human resource development; Human and social capital building and human development; indicators of human resource development, Function of HRM, difference between HRM & HRD.           
  2. Human Resource Planning: Human resource plan at Macro and Micro Level; Governing factors for human resource plan.
  3. Acquisition and utilization of Human Resources: Recruitment, training and development, Human resource inventory, Performance appraisal, socialization, Promotion, transfer and retirement.
  4. Compensation and Benefits: Salary and other benefits like health, education, transport, housing, insurance, safety, compensation policy
  5. Human resource Policies and Practices for Human Resource Development: Inclusiveness; positive discrimination and affirmative policies; issues and challenges.


Agrawal, Govind Ram (2013). Human Resource Development In Nepal. Kathmandu: M.K.Publishers and Distributors.

Ed. Pandey, Sriram Raj, Tropp, Shawjna, Sharma, Bikas & Khtiwada, Yub Raj (2006). Nepal Reading in Human Development. Kathmandu: United Nations Development Programme.

Jayaa Gopla, R. (1993). Human Resource Development: Conceptual Analysis and strategies. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited.

Rao, T.V. (2001). Reading in Human Resource Development. New Delhi: Oxford IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.