Third Semester

BPA 301: Public Finance

The objective of this course is to provide foundations for general understanding about public finance.

  1. Public finance and Theory
    • Concept and scope of public finance
    • Theory of public goods: Public goods/Private goods, Public sector /Private sector
    • Social wants and merit wants
    • Externalities
    • Public Goods and allocation of resources
    • Recent issues in public finance
  2. Government Revenue
    • Concept and sources of government revenues
    • Principle of taxation- Canons of taxation & Equity principles
    • Types of Taxation, Taxation & economic development
  3. Public Expenditure
    • Concept of public expenditure
    • Objectives of public expenditure
    • Principle of maximum social advantage
  4. Public debt
    • Concept and sources of public debt
    • Need for public debt
    • Burden of public debt
    • Management of public debt
  5. Fiscal policy & Budget
    • Concept of fiscal policy and its importance
    • Concept of government budget
    • Budget cycle
    • Concepts of balanced vs deficit budget
  • Bhatia, H.L. (2010). Public Finance. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
  • Singh,S.K. (2010). Public Finance: In the Theory and Practice.New Delhi: S.Chand and company Pvt. Ltd.
  • Sundharam, KPM, Andley, K. K. (1998). Public Finance: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: S. Chand and company, Limited
  • Hockley, Grahamd (1979). Public Finance. London: Routledge and Kegan paul Ltd.
  • Taylor, Philip (1961). The Economics of Public Finance. Calcutta: Oxford and IBH Publishing Company.
  • David, Bruce F. & Duncombe, Bruce F. (1972). Public Finance. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston Inc.
  • Tyagi, B.P. (2004). Public Finance. Meerut: Jai Prakash Nath & Co.
  • Mehta, J.K. (1975). Public Finance. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.
  • Adhikari, Hari Prasad (2007). Public Finance. Kathmandu: Renuka Kattel.
  • Lekhi, R.K. & Singh, Joginder (2014). The Economics of Development and Planning.New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Lekhi, R.K. (1995). Public Finance. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Singh, S.K. (2001). Public Finance. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Limited.
  • Sundharam, K.P.M. & Andley, K.K. (2003). Public Finance: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: S Chand & Company Limited.
  • Kandel, Puspa Raj (2061). Nepalko Sarbjanik Bitta Vybasthapanka Khi Pakshyharu. Kathmandu:Buddha Publishers
  • Bista, Balgobinda (2061). Public Finance Theory and Practice. Kathmandu: Pairbi prakashan.
  • Joshi Shyam (2060). Public Economics. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan
Seventh Semester

BPA 432: Recent Trends in Public Management

This course intends to know students about new issues in public affairs management at present.


  1. Reforms in Public Sector: Background of Public Sector activities, Failure of Traditional Public Sector, Principal Agent Theory, Public Choice Theory, Institutional Theory
  2. Public Sector: Management by Objective, Management by Result, Corruptions in Public Sector, Problems and challenge in Public Sector, Solution of Problems and challenge in the Public Sector
  3. Public Sector Management: Office Management, Complain Management, Public hearing, Mobile Service, Citizen Charter
  4. New Public Management: Concept, Characteristics, Need, Strength and weaknesses; Application of New Public Management
  5. Marketing of Public Sector: Liberalization, Globalization and Privatization, Public Privatization partnership, Effective Service Delivery, Total Quality management, Constraints of Marketing Public Services


  • Bangural, Y. and George A.L. (2007). Public Sector Reform in Developing Countries. Palgrave Macmilan.
  • Brendan, C.N. (2001). Public Sector Reform: An International Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan.

Human Resource Management

HRM 465: Total Quality Management (TQM)

The purpose of this course is to acquaint with the students about the application of the concept of total quality management in organizations.


  1. Fundamentals of TQM: Concept, Basic elements, Major approaches, Difference between traditional management and Total Quality Management, TQM System, Benefits of TQM
  2. TQM Processes: Concept and Significance of Process reform, Quality Process, Continuous Reform, Strategies for Total Reform, Crises management against Reform
  3. Quality and Quality Circle (QC): Concept of Quality, Quality Dimensions, Concept of Quality circle, Characteristics of Quality Circle, Scope and Objectives of QC
  4. Leadership in TQM: Role of Leadership in TQM, Attributes of TQM leadership, organization Culture and behavior, Norms for employees
  5.  Continuous Improvement and Quality in Public Service: Concept of Kaizen, Characteristics of Kaizen, Kaizen cycle, implementation of TQM in Public Sector


Bagada, S.D. (2008). Total Quality Management. Delhi: Himalayan Publishing House.

Bank, John (2000). Total Quality management. India: Pearson Education Ltd.

Dhakal, Bimal (2066). Total Quality Management. Kathmandu: Airabati Prakashan.