Third Semester

BPA 303: Local Governance

The main objective of this course is to provide the students with theoretical understanding of local governance. In addition, it helps to provide the local planning, local resource mobilization and local human resource management.

  1. Introduction
    • Local governance, its meaning and concept
    • Level of governance
    • Federalism and Local Governance (LG)
    • Classification of Local Governance (LG)
  2. Local planning and resource mobilization
    • Decentralized planning
    • Community participation
    • Resource mobilization
  3. Human Resource Management
    • Concept of human resource development and management at local level
    • Emergence of human resource system
    • Approaches of local personnel system
    • Role and importance of human resource at local governance level
    • Issues and challenges of personnel system in Nepal
  4. Partnership
    • Public private partnership in local governance
    • Rural urban partnership in local governance
  • Baral, Lok Raj, Hachhethu, Krishna. Khanal, Krishna, Prasad, Kumar, Dhurba Kumar & Sharma, Hari (2004). Local Governance. Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
  • Dhungel, Dwarika N. (2002). Governance Situation in Nepal. Kathmandu: Institute for Integrated Development Studies.
  • Jain L.C (Ed) (2005). Decentralization and Local Government. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
  • Jhapa, Ganga (Ed) (1998). Local Self-Government in Nepal. Kathmandu: Political Science Association of Nepal.
  • Joyal, Niraga, Amit Prakash, Sharma Pradip Kumar (Eds) (2006). Local Governance in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Khanal Rabindra (n.d.).Local Governance in Nepal. Democracy at Gross Root. Lalitpur: Smriti Books.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Meehan, Eugeme J, Roche John P., Stedman, Murray S. (1966).The dynamics of Modern Government. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Inc.
  • Muttalib, M.A, Khan, Mohd Akbar Ali (1982). Theory of Local Government. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers private limited.
  • Opie, Roger (1972). Local Government. A Wheaton and Company Limited.
  • Ostrom, Vincent, Bish, Robert & Ostrom Elimor (1988). Local Government in the United States. NewYork: Kampmann and Company.
  • Patttanayak, Raimann (Ed) (1994). Local Government Administration Reform. New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • Pierre, Jon (Ed) (2000). Debating Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Richards, Peter G. (Ed) (1975). The Reformed Local government System. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd.
  • Sharma, Subash, Acharya, Basanta (2069). Sthaniya Swyatha Sashan Pranali Sidhanta ra Behawar. Kathmandu: Archana Gautam/ Jamuna Aryal.
  • Shrestha, Tulsi Narayan (1996). The Concept of Local Government and Decentralization. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
Development Management Eighth Semester

DM 456: Disaster Management

This course aims to impart the knowledge of disaster and its management so that student can learn strategies of disaster management upon the completion of this course.


  1. Introduction: Concept and types of disaster, Basic Functions of Disaster Management, Dynamics of disaster management
  2. Preparedness, response, rehabilitation and reconstruction in disaster management:
  3. Institutional Arrangements in Nepal: National organizations (Ministry of Home, Ministry of Defense), Security agencies: Nepal Army, Nepal Armed Police Force, Nepal Police, Local bodies: Civil Society organizations, Inter-organizations coordination
  4. Policy and strategies: Disaster act and regulation, Disaster management in periodic plans & Resource mobilization, Action plan, Management information system and its use
  5. Case study


Charles, M.T. and Kim, J.C.K. (1988). Crisis Management: A Casebook. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas.

Gupta, H.K. (2003). Disaster Management, Hyderabad: Hyderabad University Press.

May, P.J. and Williams, W. (1986). Disaster Policy Implementation: Managing Programs under Shared Governance. New York: Plenum Press.

Natural Disaster Policy, Government of Nepal, Ministry of Home.

Pinkowski, Jack (Ed) Disaster Management Handbook. New York: Taylor & Francis Group.

Rubin, C.B. and Barbee, D. (1985). Disaster recovery and hazard mitigation: Bridging the intergovernmental gap. Public Administration Review, 45: 57–63.

Local Governance Specialization

LG 475: Local Finance in Nepal

The course intends to impart knowledge of finance especially in local bodies of Nepal. Students will be able to understand dynamics of local finance after completion of this course.


  1. Introduction: Concepts of local finance, Need and importance of Local Finance in Economic Development
  2. Fiscal Decentralization in Nepal: Approaches of Fiscal Decentralization, Fiscal Decentralization Policy and its dimensions
  3. Fiscal Federalism: Concept of Fiscal Federalism, Division of Fiscal Power and Functions: Allocation, Distribution and Stabilization, Vertical and Horizontal Fiscal Relationship
  4. Local Government Revenue and expenditure in Nepal: Sources of revenue at local bodes in Nepal: Tax and Non-tax , Grants in Aid, Local Government Borrowing, Pattern of Local Government Expenditure, Local budgeting, Local accounting and auditing
  5. Resource Mobilization at local bodies, Resource Mobilization at Local Body: DDC, VDC and Municipality, People’s Participation in Local Resource Mobilization, Role of Partnership for Local Resource Mobilization, Issues and challenges of local finance in Nepal, Case study


Acharya, Balaram (2062). Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. Kathmandu: National Book Center.

Adhikary, Shyam Prasad (2038). Rural Development in Nepal Problems and Prospects. Kathmandu: Lalitpur Sajha Prakashan.

AZIZ Sartaj(1978). Rural Development. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd.

Chambers, Robert (2004). Rural Development :Putting the Last First. Delhi: Pearson Education.

Das, Prabhakar Lal (2054). Sociology of Rural Society. Kathmandu: Rekha Rani Prakashan.

Hada, Gambhir Bahadur (2062). Rural Economics of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.

Hada, gambhir Bahadur (2063). Rural Resources, Environment and Management. Kathmandu: Gyankunja Pustak Bhandar.

Singh, Katar (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management. New Delhi: Sage Publication.