Third Semester

BPA 303: Local Governance

The main objective of this course is to provide the students with theoretical understanding of local governance. In addition, it helps to provide the local planning, local resource mobilization and local human resource management.

  1. Introduction
    • Local governance, its meaning and concept
    • Level of governance
    • Federalism and Local Governance (LG)
    • Classification of Local Governance (LG)
  2. Local planning and resource mobilization
    • Decentralized planning
    • Community participation
    • Resource mobilization
  3. Human Resource Management
    • Concept of human resource development and management at local level
    • Emergence of human resource system
    • Approaches of local personnel system
    • Role and importance of human resource at local governance level
    • Issues and challenges of personnel system in Nepal
  4. Partnership
    • Public private partnership in local governance
    • Rural urban partnership in local governance
  • Baral, Lok Raj, Hachhethu, Krishna. Khanal, Krishna, Prasad, Kumar, Dhurba Kumar & Sharma, Hari (2004). Local Governance. Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
  • Dhungel, Dwarika N. (2002). Governance Situation in Nepal. Kathmandu: Institute for Integrated Development Studies.
  • Jain L.C (Ed) (2005). Decentralization and Local Government. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
  • Jhapa, Ganga (Ed) (1998). Local Self-Government in Nepal. Kathmandu: Political Science Association of Nepal.
  • Joyal, Niraga, Amit Prakash, Sharma Pradip Kumar (Eds) (2006). Local Governance in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Khanal Rabindra (n.d.).Local Governance in Nepal. Democracy at Gross Root. Lalitpur: Smriti Books.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Maheshwori, S.R (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Meehan, Eugeme J, Roche John P., Stedman, Murray S. (1966).The dynamics of Modern Government. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Inc.
  • Muttalib, M.A, Khan, Mohd Akbar Ali (1982). Theory of Local Government. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers private limited.
  • Opie, Roger (1972). Local Government. A Wheaton and Company Limited.
  • Ostrom, Vincent, Bish, Robert & Ostrom Elimor (1988). Local Government in the United States. NewYork: Kampmann and Company.
  • Patttanayak, Raimann (Ed) (1994). Local Government Administration Reform. New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • Pierre, Jon (Ed) (2000). Debating Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Richards, Peter G. (Ed) (1975). The Reformed Local government System. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd.
  • Sharma, Subash, Acharya, Basanta (2069). Sthaniya Swyatha Sashan Pranali Sidhanta ra Behawar. Kathmandu: Archana Gautam/ Jamuna Aryal.
  • Shrestha, Tulsi Narayan (1996). The Concept of Local Government and Decentralization. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
Local Governance Specialization

LG 473: Rural-Urban Partnership

The aim of this course is to orient the students to rural urban partnership and its roles in minimizing the differentiation between rural and urban development, its strategies and measures to be taken so that the students will be able to understand the changing context of development and also can assume the responsibility as change agents.


  1. Meaning and concept of rural urban partnership, relationship with development, its importance, importance of complimentary developmental role through partnership.
  2. Basic theories of rural urban partnership – Core and periphery Model; Gateway Model; Central Place Theory; Growth Pole Model; Regional Development Model.
  3. Relationship between Town and Hinterland- classification of rural and urban areas; migration and linkage, resource and linkage, technology and product and linkage; Techniques of rural urban linkage and importance of networking in linkage building.
  4. Rural Urban Linkage and Entrepreneurship Development- Human capital formation and development; Institutional Development for linkages and its forms for partnership for entrepreneurship.            
  5. Rural Urban partnership and Local Governments- Role of Local Governments in rural urban partnership, Tole and Lane organizations for partnership; partnership and poverty reduction


Jnawaly, Damodar (2004). Rural Urban Interaction: A Geographical Perspective, Kathmandu: Students Books Publishers

Bennet, Jenny (2006). Rural Urban Partnership Program in Nepal, Kathmandu: RUPP