Fourth Semester

BPA 401: Social Change and Nation Building

The course aims to impart the knowledge of social change and nation building. It also helps to better understanding of social change and nation building.

  1. Introduction
    • Concept of Social change
    • Factors affecting social change
    • Process and theories of social change
  2. Social institutions and change
    • Family and social change
    • Marriage and social change
    • Education and social change
    • Religion and social change
    • Polity and social change
  3. Phenomena of social change
    • Social movement and social change
    • Collective behavior
    • Gender role
    • Urbanization
    • Information technology
  4. Concept and theories of Nation building
    • Concept of nation and state
    • Nation building and state-building, capacity building, national identity
    • Social harmony, social inclusion
    • Peace-building, post-conflict reconstruction
    • International politics of ethnicity and nationalism
  5. Nation building in Nepal
    • History, social inclusion and affirmative action, problem of nation building in Nepal
    • Gender discrimination, girls trafficking, caste-based untouchability, and exclusion of marginalized communities
    • Democratic governance and efforts of restructuring the state
  • Abraham M.F. (2006). Contemporary sociology: An introduction to concept and theories. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Adhikari, G.P. (2054 B.S.). An introduction to sociology and anthropology (Text in Nepali). Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Huberman, L. & Sweezy, P.M. (2010). Introduction to socialism: Including the ABC of socialism. New York: Aakar Books.
  • Maclver, R.M & Page, C.H. (2011). Society: An introductory analysis. India: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Maharjan, P.N. (Ed) (2013). Building peace and building democracy. Kathmandu: Center for Nepal and Asian Studies.
  • Poudyal, M. P. (1984). Public Administration and Nation Building in Nepal. Delhi: NBO Publishers’ Distributors
  • Shepard, J.M. (1984). Sociology (2nd Ed.). New York: West Publishing Company
  • Upreti, B.C. (Ed) (2011). State and democracy in Nepal. Delhi: Kalinga Publications.
  • Whelpton, J. (2012). A history of Nepal (2nded.). Delhi: Cambridge University Press.
Fourth Semester

BPA 402: Comparative Politics

The objective of this course is to provide the students with basic knowledge of different aspects of political system, political phenomena and politics of India, China and Nepal.

  1. Comparative politics
    • Meaning, nature and scope of politics
    • Challenges of State and State-building
  2. Comparative Political System
    • Structures and Functions
    • Political Socialization
    • Political culture
    • Functional aspects of a political system
    • Comparison of political system
  3. Interest Articulation
    • Interest articulation structures/ interest groups, channels & means of interest articulation
    • Interest aggregation and political parties
    • The capabilities of a political system
  4. Politics in Foreign Countries
    • Comparison of Politics between India and China
  5. Political Development and governance in Nepal
    • Phases of political and constitutional development since 1768 A.D.
    • Challenges and opportunities of democracy and governance
    • Political Parties and Pressure Groups- their nature and roles
    • State structure – central, sub-national and local
    • Local self-government, their roles and functions
    • NGOs and INGOs in Nepal
  • Almond, G.A & Powell, G.B., Storm, K & Dalton, R.J. (2001). Comparative Politics Today: A World View (7th Ed.). Delhi: Pearson Education Asia.
  • Almond, G.A. & Powell, G.B. (1972). Comparative politics: A developmental approach, New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.
  • Cheema, G. Shabbir (2005). Building Democratic Institutions: Governance Reforms in Developjing Countries. USA: Kumarian Press, Inc.
  • Gyanwali, Ram Prasad (2012). Know Nepal, Kathmandu: Bhundipuran Prakashan
  • Joshi, Bhuvan Lal and Leo E. Rose (1996). Democratic Innovation in Nepal, Burkeley: University of California Press.
  • Pokharel, Krishna (2068 B.S.). Major Parliamentary and Nonparliamentary Political Systems. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributors
  • Pokharel, Krishna (2069 B. S.) State, Public Administration and Public Affairs. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributors.
  • Ray, S.N. (1999). Modern Comparative Politics: Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India
  • Regmi, D. R. (1975). Modern Nepal (Vol. 1). Calcutta: K.L. Mukhopadhyay.
  • Shah, Rishikesh (1990). Modern Nepal: A Political History 1769-1955 (Vol I. 1) New Delhi: Manohar Publications.
  • Sharma, Devi Prasad (2047 B.S.). Adhunik Nepalko Itihas, Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Shrestha, Tulsi Narayan (1996). The Concepts of Local Government and Decentralization. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.